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UMMERICAM - JOHNSTON

Location

The townland of Ummericam is divided into two parts, each named after the owners of the land in the nineteenth century. The 1766 Census of Creggan records it as a single entity. Ummericam Johnston contains 396 statute acres 3 roods and 5 perches. It lies about three miles south east of Cullyhanna and half a mile north of Silverbridge. It is bounded on the north by Ummericam Ball, on the east by the parish of Mullaghbawn, on the south by Legmoylin and on the east by Dorsey.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means "The crooked ridge". Apart from Ummeracan Ball, there is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
  • Census of Northern Ireland 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland Revaluation 1935

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1972
Valuation 87-6-8 100-12-6 122-0-0 150-0-0 173-0-0 210-0-0 219-5-0

In the 1828 Tithe Applotment Books the total area is shown as 203 acres and 4 perches (Irish) and the Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe as 4-7-41/2. The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were no such houses in the townland.

Griffiths Valuation records Ummericam South (44 acres 2 roods and 33 perches was owned by Walter McGeough Bond. The rest of the townland was owned by Graham Johnston. The distribution of land holding, by acreage, in 1864 and 1935 is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
14
12
6
32
1935
11
10
6
27

Census of ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 126 people in 30 households, an average of 4.2 people per household. The households occupied a total of 58 rooms, an average of 1.9 rooms per households. Of the households, 5 lived in a single room, 22 had two rooms and the other three had 3 rooms. Two families, Patrick Murphy and Owen Callaghan, each had ten people occupying two rooms.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 30 households enumerated in the Census, eight contained at least one native Irish speaker - 14 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh with the exception of Bridget Johnston, born in Co. Louth.

  • Patrick Murphy, farmer, 62
    and his brother Owen, farmer, 57
  • Owen Callaghan, farmer, 74
    and his wife Ellen, 65
  • James McGahran, farmer, 63
    and his wife Ellen, 60
  • Bridget Johnston, farmer, widow, 67
  • Thomas McVerry, farmer, 65
  • Peter Byrns, farmer, 77
    and his wife Elisabeth, 68
  • Patrick Hanratty, farmer, 90
    widow, 90
    his son John, farmer, 50
    and John's wife Mary, 47
  • Neal McGeeney, farmer, 50
* The average age of the Irish speakers was 64; oldest 90, youngest 47
* Of the group, five could read and write, one could read and eight could neither read nor write

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 49 30 35 38 35 34 30 25 24 24 22
People 262 177 169 167 164 140 126 118 86 72 86
People per house 5.3 5.9 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.1 4.2 4.7 3.6 3.0 3.9

In the period of 110 years, the number of households dropped by 55% and the population by 67%. The initial fall of 32% between 1841 and 1851 - the famine years, was followed by a period of stability into the 1880s. Thereafter the decline resumed until after the 1937 Census.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


             
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
     
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Peter Callaghan Thomas Branegan Thomas Brannigan Edward Burns John Boyle James Boyle James Boyle
Widow Crangle Owen Burns Patrick Burns Francis Burns Francis Burns Francis Burns Francis Burns
Hugh Farrel Richard Burns Peter Burns Peter Burns Patrick Burns Frank Burns Frank Burns
Henry Farrell Peter Burns Owen Callaghan Owen Callaghan Patrick Burns Patrick Burns (Frank) Patrick Burns (Frank)
John Hanratty Thomas Connolly Christopher Callaghan Catherine Cosgrave Peter Burns Patrick E. Burns Patrick E. Burns
Bryan Loy Patt Gollogly Owen English Owen English Henry Campbell Peter Burns Peter Burns
James Loy John Hagan Michael Hanratty Michael Grant Henry Gallogly Peter Campbell Bridget Campbell
Neal Maglaughlin Daniel Harvey Charles Hughes Patrick Hanratty Patrick Hanratty Patrick Hanratty Teresa Doherty
Manus Moan Michael Hays Charles Hughes Arthur Hughes Henry Hughes Mchael Hughes Patrick Hanratty
Patrick Moan Edward Hughes Edward Hughes Edward Charles Hughes Rose Hughes Rose Hughes Bernard Hughes
Phillimy Raverty Henry Hughes James Hughes Owen Hughes James Kelly James Patrick Kelly James Patrick Kelly
Owen Hughes Mary Hughes Patrick Hughes James Kelly Mary A. Kelly Mary A. Kelly
Peter Hughes Owen Hughes Patrick Hughes Michael Kelly Michael Kelly Michael Kelly
John Kelly Owen Hughes Patrick Charles Hughes Patrick Kelly Patrick Joseph Kelly Patrick Joseph Kelly
Michael Kelly Patrick Hughes Bridget Johnston James Loy O. Loy O. Loy
Peter Kelly John Johnston Catherine Kelly Edward Martin Patrick Loy Patrick Loy
Francis Kernahan Peter Johnston James Kelly Thomas McArdle John McCann John McCann
George Lohy Hugh Kelly John Kelly Mary McCann Owen McCann Owen McCann
Bernard Mageeny Jane Kelly Annie Loy Peter McGahran Peter McCann Peter McCann
Neil Mageeny Hugh McCann Annie McArdle Patrick McShane Patrick McShane Patrick McShane
James McCann James McCann Patrick McCann Patrick McVarry B. Muckian Thomas F. O'Neill
Thomas McElroy Thomas McGahran James McGahan John Murphy Thomas F. O'Neill John Wilson
Peter McEntee Owen McGeeny Neil McGeeney Thomas O'Neill    
John McEteer James McPartland Owen McParland   Land Land
Thomas McEteer Peter McPartland Thomas McVerry Land W. Callaghan W. Callaghan
Patt McGaghran Patrick Muckian Catherine Moan Owen Callaghan Peter Casey (Dorsey) Peter Casey (Dorsey)
Laurence McGorman Edward Murphy Patrick Murphy Mary Hanratty Patrick Hanratty Patrick Hanratty
James McParland Mary O'Neill Francis O'Neil Reps. R.K. Johnston James Kelly Michael Kelly
Dominic McShane Peter Shevlin Bridget Quin John McCann Michael Kelly James McAllister
Peter Murphy John Traynor John Trainor Patrick McParland James McAllister Bernard McKinley (John)
Thomas O'Hare John Traynor sen Francis O'Neill Bridget McKeown Patrick McParland
Patt Raverty Mary Ward Thomas F. O'Neill Bernard McKinley (John) Thomas O'Neill
John Treanor Francis Sheviland Patrick McParland  
Land   Thomas O'Neill  
Samuel Coulter      
    Graham Johnston        

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Last Updated on 18 January 2003
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2003