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UMMERICAM - BALL

Location

The townland of Ummericam is currently divided into three parts, named after the owners of the land in the nineteenth century. The 1766 Census of Creggan records it as a single entity. The Tithe Applotment Books of 1838 divides it between Ummericam (Ball) and Ummericam (Johnston). In The Townland Valuation of 1837 and subsequently, the Ball townland is divided into (North) and (South). Ummericam Ball (North) contains 414 statute acres 2 roods and 33 perches and Ummericam (South) is 44 acres, 2 roods and 33 perches. Although the townlands are separated by Ummeracam Johnston, for the purposes of this paper North and South have beem combined. The North townland lies about two miles east of Cullyhanna. It is bounded on the north by Ummerinvore, on the east by the parish of Mullaghbawn, on the south by Ummericam Johnston and on the east by Dorsey and Roxborough. The South townland is north of Silverbridge. It is bounded on the north by Ummeracam Johnston, on the east by Carrive (in Mullaghbawn Parish), on the south by Carnally and on the west by Dorsey.

Between 1828 and 1837 the townland seems to have gained about 71 statute acres. The difference is probably due to the way that the 1828 valuation was carried out using local surveyors and assessors and relying on local knowledge about townland boundaries. The boundaries were standardised for the 1837 Townland Valuation.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means "The crooked ridge". There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
  • Census of Northern Ireland 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1972
Valuation 139-5-0 168-2-5 172-10-0 186-0-0 240-13-0 259-13-0 270-8-0

In the 1828 Tithe Applotment Books the total area is shown as 195 acres 3 roods and 13 perches (Irish) and the Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe as 6-19-31/2.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There was only one such house in the townland, that of William Page Esq (In Ball - South).

Griffiths Valuation records the townland being owned by Walter McGeough Bond. The distribution of land holding, by acreage, in 1864 and 1935 is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
15
7
6
28
1935
7
5
9
21

Census of ireland 1901

The 1901 Census enumerated 88 people in 19 households, an average of 4.6 people per household. Leaving aside one household of three people who occupied 17 rooms (Robert J. McGeough), the other 18 households had a total of 27 rooms, an average of 1.6 rooms each. Of the 18 households, 9 lived in a single room and the others each had two rooms. One household, headed by Mary Hart, had ten people in a single room.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 19 households enumerated in the Census, six contained at one native Irish speaker. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh.

  • Mary Harte, widow, 70
  • Henry Loye, farmer, 52
  • Bridget Loye, wife of Francis, 60
  • Margaret Reid, farmer, 60
  • James Callaghan, farmer, 82
  • Bridget Hughes, domestic servant to Robert John McGeough, 18

* Of the group, two could read and write, one could read and three could neither read nor write.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 24 31 31 28 28 24 20 17 16 16 13
People 160 153 147 133 119 104 86 65 67 53 40
People per house 6.7 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.3 3.8 4.2 3.3 3.1

In the period of 110 years, the number of households dropped by 46% and the population by 75%. Apart from a short, unsustained, recovery in the 1920s, the population decline was steady throughout the whole period.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.

The names of house and land holders in the "South" townland are distinguished by "(S)".


             
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
             
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Peter Callaghan Charles Calaghan Walter McG. Bond (S) Thomas Burns Joseph Bennett J. Bennett Margaret Campbell
Widow Crangle Owen Calaghan Bernard Callaghan James Callaghan Gordon Coulter (S) Margaret Campbell Gordon Coulter (S)
Hugh Farrel Patt Callaghan James Callaghan Patrick Callaghan Felix Harte Gordon Coulter (S) James Harte
Henry Farrell Edward Garvey Jmes Callaghan Arthur Hart Michael Hughes (S) Felix Harte Michael Hughes (S)
John Hanratty Redmond Garvey Catherine Gollogly Mary Hart Bridget Kelly Michael Hughes (S) James Loughran
Bryan Loy John and Patt Gollogly John Harte Annie Harte Susan Kilcreesh James Loughran Peter Loughran
James Loy Felix Heart Owen Harte Patrick Hughes Anne Loughran Peter Loughran Francis Loy (George)
Neal Maglaughlin James Loughran Peter Harte Anne Loughran Francis Loy (George) Francis Loy (George) Patrick Loye
Manus Moan Michael Loughran Bridget Loughran Peter Loughran Henry Loy Jun. Patrick Loye Sarah Martin
Patrick Moan Peter Loughran Michael Loughran Francis Loye Michael Loy Sarah Martin Thomas McCann
Phillimy Raverty Edward Loy Patrick Loughran Henry Loye Patrick B. Loy John McCann Denis McConville
George Loy Anne Loy (James) James Loye James Loughran Bridget McConville Hugh McGlade
Henry Loy Anne Loy (John) John Loye John McCann Reps. J. McKinley Patrick McKinley
John Loy Francis Loy (Pat) Thomas Loye Peter McConville    
Owen Loy Francis Loy (Terry) Hugh Mackin Frank McKinley Land Land
Patt Loy Michael Loy Peter McConville James McKinley Peter Casey Peter Casey
Patt Loy Owen Loy Robert J. McGeough (S)   James Harte James Harte
Terence and Edward Loy Patrick Loy Patrick McKinley Land Bernard Loughran Bernard Loughran
Widow Loy Patrick Loy (Harry) Margaret Reed Patrick Grant James Loughran Jun. James Loughran Jun.
James McKinley Patrick Loy Sen Bernard Loughran Bridget Loy Bridget Loy
John Murphy Terence Loy Bridget Loy J. Loy Owen Loy
Charles Quinn Alice McConvill James Loy Patrick B. Loy Patrick B. Loy
Jonathan Smith James McKenley Mary Loy Thomas Loy Thomas Loy
Patrick McKenley Edward Mackin Bernard Muckian Bernard Muckian
Bernard Murphy R.J. McGeough Reps. Peter McConville J. McGeough
John Pegg Bernard Murchian J. McGeough Patrick McKinley
James Quinn   Patrick McKinley  
Mary Quinn      
     
Land      
Bernard Herty      
Stephen Hughes      
    Patrick McKenley        

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Last Updated 18 January 2003
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2003