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TULLYARD

Location

Tullyard is a small townland of 187 statute acres and 2 perches in County Armagh about two miles northwest of Crossmaglen, straddling the road to Castleblaney. It is bounded on the northwest and north by County Monaghan, on the north and north-east by Corliss, on the south-east and south by Loughross, on the south-west by Drumgose and on the west by Clarbane.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means "The high hill".

There are 16 townlands called 'Tullyard' in Ireland. They are in Counties Armagh (2), Cavan, Donagal (2), Down (2), Louth, Meath, Monaghan (3) and Tyrone (4).

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan - 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern ireland General revaluation 1935.
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1970
Valuation 132-12-6 91-15-10 112-15-0 124-10-0 136-5-0 159-5-0 175-5-0

In the 1828 Tithe Applotment Books the total area is recorded as 161 acres 3 roods and 10 perches (Irish). The Half-Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 6-12-71/2.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were no such houses in the townland.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

In the Title Applotment Books the same name may appear more than once for different parcels of land.

Griffiths Valuation records the owner of the land as Andrew McMath.

The distribution of the land holdings by acreage, in 1864 and 1935 is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
19
6
nil
25
1935
12
6
1
19

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 19 households enumerated in the 1901 Census five contained native Irish speakers. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh -

  • Anne McCabe, farmer, 85
  • Edward Mckenna, farmer, 52
  • Ellen Quinn, no occupation given, widow, 52
  • Thomas Taffe, farmer, 70
  • Hugh McNulty, farmer, 67

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 29 28 26 26 21 21 19 16 14 14 12
People 146 113 119 117 90 81 73 69 58 40 33
People per house 5.0 4.0 4.6 4.5 4.3 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.1 2.9 2.8

In the period of 110 years, the number of households dropped by 59% and the population by 77%. The initial fall of 23% between 1841 and 1851 - the famine years, was followed by a slight recovery over the next 20 years before a rapid decline in the 1870s and a steady reduction at each following census.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families..


             
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
             
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Hugh Lennon Patt Boden Thomas Carney Rose Carragher Catherine Carraher Margaret Agnew Francis Carragher
Patrick McCabe Patt Conlon Owen Callaghan Patrick Duffy Owen Carragher Eugene Carragher Bernard Duffy
Patrick Quin Francis Donnaghey Owen Carragher Mary Harvey Patrick Doyle Owen Carragher Margaret Lavelle
Widow Woods Patt Duffy Peter Duffy Anne McCabe Michael Duffy Patrick Carragher Annie McCabe
William Duffy Peter Finnegan Anne McCabe Catherine McCabe James Donaghy Eugene Murtagh
William Hamilton Michael Mackin Catherine McCabe Hugh McCabe Bernard Duffy Patrick Quinn
Owen Hanratty Anne McCabe Hugh McCabe Michael McCabe Annie McCabe Mary Woods
Bryan Kearny Henry McCabe Michael McCabe Edward McKenna Mary McCabe Patrick Woods
John Lanen James McCabe Edward McKenna Alice McNulty Richard McKenna  
John Lannen Mary McCabe Hugh McNulty Patrick Quinn Patrick Quinn  
Cormick Mackin Margaret McConville Mary Mullan Michael Woods Michael Woods  
Michael Mackin Edward McKenna Ellen Quinn Reps Thomas Woods Thomas Woods  
Bryan McCabe Ellen McVeagh Owen Sheridan Thomas Woods    
Bryan McCabe Owen Morris Peter Sheridan      
Francis John McCabe John Mullins Patrick Sherry Land Land Land
Henry McCabe Bryan Quinn Thomas Taffe John Donaghy John Agnew John Agnew
James McCabe Michael Sheridan Lawrence Woods Patrick Grant James John Donnelly Eugene Carragher
James McCabe Peter Sheridan Peter Woods James Kernaghan Reps. Patrick Doyle Patrick Carragher
Patt McCabe Margaret Taffe Thomas Woods Patrick McCabe Michael Duffy James John Donnelly
Edward McKenna Michael Taffe Patrick Sherry Patrick Kernan Reps. Patrick Doyle
Patt McVeagh Thomas Taffe Margaret Woods M. McCreesh (Forge) Patrick Kernan
Widow Morris Hjames Woods   Patrick Sherry Michael McCabe
Widow Mullin Patrick Woods     Michael McCreesh (Forge)
James Taffe Peter Woods      
John Taffe      
Michael Taffe Land      
Patt Taffe Henry Donagher      
Widow Taffe Patrick McConville      
Bridget Woods      
Hugh Woods      
Michael Woods      
Patt Woods      
Thomas Woods      

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Last Updated on 1 January 2003
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2003