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LURGANCULLENBOY

Location

Lurgancullenboy is a long narrow townland of 652 statute acres 2 roods and 35 perches about three miles east of Crossmaglen. It is bounded on the north by Dorsey, on the east by Carnally, on the south by Glassdrumman and Mounthill and on the west by Cornoonagh, Cregganbane and Cregganduff.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means "The track of the yellow holly". There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Rev Simon Nelson, in his unpublished "History of the Parish of Creggan in counties Armagh and Louth 1611-1840" (PRONI - T541) has this to say about Lurgancullenboy-

"Toward the north of this parish the face of the country is generally uneven, ascending and descending into gentle undulatory hills and dales; these hills growing more elevated toward the center, where there are craggy and uncultivated rocks, rising two hundred feet above the level of the sea, forming a mountain called Lurgancullinboy which continues in an unbroken chain in an easterly direction to Slieve Gullion, the principal hiding place of the noted tory Redmond O'Hanlon.."

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Hearth Money Roll of the Fews 1664
  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland General Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1956/57

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1854 1935 1957 1972
Valuation 236-0-0 259-10-7 219-0-0 293-19-0 318-10-0 429-0-0 470-0-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books of 1828 the area is recorded as 354 Irish acres and 15 perches. The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 11-16-10.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were no such houses in the townland.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the owner of the land as John J. Bigger.

The distribution of the land holdings by acreage, in 1854 and 1935 is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1854
37
18
6
61
1935
23
18
7
48

Census of Ireland 1901

The 1901 Census enumerated 227 people in 56 households; a ratio of 4 people per household. The households occupied a total of 118 rooms; a ratio of 2.1 rooms per household and 1.9 people per room. Of the 56 households, three occupied 4 rooms, four occupied 3 rooms, 45 occupied 2 rooms and four had a single room. Thirty nine of the dwellings were were thatched.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 56 households enumerated in the Census, 35 contained at least one native Irish speaker - 54 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh, with the exception of Peter Murphy, born Co. Louth.

  • Margaret Grimes, farmer, widow, 76
  • Anne Murphy, farmer, widow, 78
  • Anne Quigley, farmer, widow, 60
  • Owen Pyers, farmer, 65
  • Thomas Quigley, farmer, 50
    and his wife Bridget, 38
  • Rose McCann, farmer, widow, 78
  • James Hughes, farmer, 78
    and his wife Bridget, 54
  • Francis Hearty, farmer, 50
    and his wife Mary, 40
  • Patrick O'Callaghan, farmer, 67
  • Owen O'Callaghan, farmer, 66
  • Mary Harte, wife of Thomas, 29
  • Arthur Harte, farmer, 70
    and his wife Catherine, 64
  • Peter Murphy, farmer, 61
    and his wife Mary, 61
  • Bryan Connolly, farmer, 45
    and his wife Bridget, 35
  • Felix Hearty, National Teacher, 41
    Catherine Hearty, cook and domestic servant, 60
    and visitor Mary Hearty, lace sewer, 48
  • Anne Hearty, farmer, widow, 70
    her son Patrick, farmer, 38
    and daughter-in-law Mary Hearty, 30
  • Mary Kelly, farmer, widow, 63
  • Catherine Mines, farmer, widow, 59
    her daughter Kate, 23
    and son Thomas, farmer's son, 21
  • Owen Lavelle, farmer, 55
  • John Hearty, farmer, 45
  • Anne Lavelle, farmer, widow, 60
  • Mary McTenna, retired farmer, 92
  • Owen Lavelle, farmer, 75
  • James Callaghan, farmer, 54
    and his wife Catherine, 64
  • Kate Hearty, farmer, widow, 78
  • John Lambe, farmer, 66
  • Patrick Burns, farm labourer, 65
  • Owen Murphy, farmer, 83
    his wife Alice, 78
    and their daughter Ellen, 28
  • Owen Callaghan, farmer, 68
    and his wife Mary, 78
  • Catherine Lavelle, farmer, widow, 65
  • Mary Lambe, farmer, widow, 50
  • Peter Campbell, farmer, 38
    and his brother Michael, farmer, 35
  • Patrick Callaghan, farmer, 63
    and his wife Bridget, 66
  • Patrick Callaghan, farmer, 90
  • Owen McNally, farmer, 60
    and his wife Anne, 40
* The average age of the group was 58; the oldest was 92, the youngest was 21.
* Of the group, 23 could read and write, 10 could read only and 21 could neither read nor write.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 71 70 67 64 59 57 56 51 38 43 36
People 387 324 320 277 245 233 227 202 151 122 125
People per house 5.5 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 2.8 3.5

In the period of 110 years, the number of households halved and the population dropped by 68%. After the initial fall of 19% after the famine years, there was a steady decline until the 1930s when the position stabilised.


Family Connections

Lurgancullenboy is the townland east of, but not co-terminous with, Drumbally where I was born - fingers of Cregganbane and Cornonagh meet in between. My father and I would sometimes fish in Lurgan lake and during my teens, in the school holidays, I occasionally worked on the farm of Frank "The Fep" Lavelle. Every day we had turnips - result, a lifelong aversion to them.


Names of House and land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


               
Hearth Money Rolls Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1664 1766 1828 1854 1901 1935 1957 1970
(Lurgincullinboy) (Lurgan) (Lurgancullinboy) (Lurgancullenboy) (Lurgancullenboy) (Lurgancullenboy) (Lurgancullenboy) (Lurgancullenboy)
               
    Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Bryan McGranna John Callaghan Widow Agnew Judith Agnew Francis Bennett Patrick Bennett Patrick Bennett Patrick Bennett
Donagh McGrannah Terence Callaghan Stephen Bennett Patrick Bennett Patrick Burns Francis Callaghan J. Callaghan James Callaghan
Hugh O'Heer Cormuck Cullen Hugh Callaghan Hugh Callaghen James Callaghan James Callaghan James Callaghan Reps John J. Callaghan
Patt O'Heer James Cullin James Callaghan Mary Callaghan Owen Callaghan Peter Campbell P.G. Conlon P.G. Conlon
Thomas Dixon Michael Callaghan Patrick Callaghan Patrick Callaghan James Casey Elizabeth Connolly Elizabeth Connolly
James Herety Patt & James Callaghan Matthew Campbell Patrick Callaghan Patrick Conlan James Casey James Casey
Nicholas Herety Patt Callaghan Michael Campbell Peter Campbell Bryan Conolly Hugh Doherty Hugh Doherty
Bryan Kelly Michael Campbell Thomas Campbell Michael Casey Kate Graham Francis Farrell Francis Farrell
John Kelly Michael Conlon Michael Conlon Margaret Conlon Michael Graham Michael Graham Sen. Michael Graham Sen.
Bryan Lavill Mary Fegan Bryan Connolly Bryan Connolly Arthur Gregory Patrick Grant Patrick Grant
Owen Lavill Charles Gallogly Cormack Golligly Thomas Galloghly Thomas Hart Mary Hamill Mary Hamill
Phelemy Lavill Felix Garvey Thomas Golligly Margaret Grimes Andrew Hearty Peter Hanratty Peter Hanratty
Terence Lavill Arthur Gregory Charles Graham Michael Grimes Mary Hearty Andrew Hearty Andrew Hearty
John McArdle Michael Grimes Owen Graham Arthur Gregory Mary Hearty (John) Bernard Hearty Bernard Hearty
Widow McArdle Betty Hearty Anne Gregory Arthur Harte Patrick Hearty Patrick Hearty Patrick Hearty
Patrick McElroy James and Owen Hearty Thomas Gregory Thomas Harte Peter Hearty Peter Hearty B. Hughes
Daniel Murphy James Hearty Andrew Harty Anne Hearty Owen Hughes B. Hughes Patrick Hughes
Owen Murphy James Hearty Francis Harty Kate Hearty Thomas Hughes Patrick Hughes Thomas Lamb
Rodger Murphy Patt (Bawn) Hearty James Harty Felix Hearty Mary Kelly Thomas Lamb Bernard Lavelle
Widow McEldrene Widow Hearty Patrick Harty Francis Hearty Michael Kernan Bernard Lavelle Thomas McAllister
Daniel Owens Bryan Holywood Patrick Harty John Hearty John Lamb Jun. Ellen Lavelle Francis McCann
Edward Short James Holywood Peter Harty Patrick Hearty Patrick Lamb James Lavelle Brian McEldrew
Neese Short Patt Holywood Owen Harty Thomas Hollywood Bernard Lavelle Patrick Lavelle Patrick McEldrew
Bryan Trener Owen Hughes James Hollywood James Hughes Ellen Lavelle Thomas McAllister William McKenna
Mary Kating Mary Hollywood Owen Hughes John Lavelle Francis McCann Gerard McNally
Bryan Kelly Francis Hughes Mary Kelly Patrick Lavelle Annie McDonald Mary A. McNally
Bryan Kelly Owen Hughes Mary Kelly Robert McAllister Mary McEldrew Patrick McQuillan
Neil Kelly Bryan Kelly Owen Kelly Patrick McEldrew Patrick McEldrew Peter McShane
Owen Kelly Michael Kelly John Lambe James McKenna William McKenna Patrick Moynes
Felix Lavil Patrick Kelly Mary Lambe Patrick McMahon Mary A. McNally Annie Murphy
Francis Lavil Thomas Lamb Anne Lavelle Owen McNally Owen McNally Michael Murphy
Francis Lavil Jun. Terence Larkin Catherine Lavelle Francis Moynes Peter McShane Margaret Quigley
Francis Lavil Sen. Francis Lavill Owen Lavelle Ellen Murphy Alice Moynes Dr Patrick Reel
Owen Lavill Francis Lavill Owen Lavelle John Murphy Annie Murphy Stephen Reel
Peter Mackin Owen Lavill Robert McAllister Owen Murphy John Murphy Mary Ann Rowland
James Marks Thomas Mageaney John McArdle Patrick Murphy Owen Murphy  
Patt McAtinnary (?) John McAllester Rose McCann Mary J. Palmer Patrick Murphy Land
Christopher McArdle Anne McArdle John McCoy Kathleen Quigley Margaret Quigley Felix Burns
John McCallister Bryan McArdle Bridget McEldrew William Quigley Margaret Quigley John Cumiskey
John McCallister Thomas McArdle James McKenna Thomas Short Mary A. Palmer James Callaghan
Widow McCann Arthur McCann Patrick McMahon     Major Eastwood
Francis McDonnell Patrick McCann Owen McNally Land Land Joseph Griffin (Cregganbane)
James McEldrew Mary McIlroe Mary McTenna Bernard Burns Peter Burns James Lavelle
James McEldrew Patrick McTimmenen Catherine Mines Annie Callaghan Francis Callaghan Mary Teresa McKenna
Patt McEldrew Daniel Murphy Ann Murphy Patrick Conlon Owen Callaghan Michael Moley
Thomas and Bryan McEldrew Francis Murphy Owen Murphy Felix Hearty Francis Cunningham John Murphy
Michael McGeeney Michael Murphy Patrick Murphy Annie Hughes Major Eastwood Patrick Murphy (Creggan)
John McLeane Michael Murphy Peter Murphy Patrick Kelly Joseph Griffin (Cregganbane) Joseph Quigley
Bryan Murphy Owen Murphy Thomas Murphy Robert McAlester Owen Hughes Patrick Short
Charles Murphy Patrick Murphy Patrick Mulligan Michael Moley Margaret Kelly  
Francis Murphy Patrick Murphy Owen O'Callaghan Elizabeth Murray Michael Moley  
Michael Murphy Patrick Murphy Patrick O'Callaghan Patrick O'Callaghan (Owen) Patrick Murphy (Creggan)  
Owen Murphy Bryan Mynes Owen Pyers Bridget Robinson Joseph Quigley  
Patt Murphy Daniel Owens Anne Quigley   Patrick Short  
Patt Murphy James Quigley Thomas Quigley      
Thomas Murphy Owen Quigley Thomas Short      
Daniel Owens William Quigley        
Jemes Quigley Owen Real        
Owen Quigley Edward Rooney        
Patt Quigley Francis Short      
Peter Quigley      
Edward Quinn      
Widow Treanor      

[Back to Townlands Timeline]

Last Updated on 31 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002