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LISCALGAT

Location

Liscalgat is a long, narrow townland of 220 acres and 27 perches extending south from the end of the Cregganbane Glebe. The Creggan River (which changes its name to the Castletown River further along its course) runs along its eastern boundary. It is bounded on the north by Cregganbane, on the east by Drumbally and Coolderry, on the south by Clarnagh and on the west by Drummuck and Urcher.

Name of the townland

The name of the townland means either "The champion's fort" or "The fort of the stagnant water" depending on the authority consulted. There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Book - Creggan Parish 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1972
Valuation 86-5-0 111-15-2 107-5-0 138-10-0 154-6-0 169-0-0 171-15-0

In the Tithe applotment Book of 1828 its area is shown as 130 acres and 23 perches (Irish). The half yearly Rectorial Tithe was 4-6-3.#

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There was only one such house in the townland, that of Samuel Gilmore.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and post codes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the owner of the land as Richard Allen. Of the 13 land holdings, eight were of less than 10 acres, two were between 10 and 20 acrea and three were of 20 or more acres. The 1935 Revaluation recorded the same breakdown. Both Valuations distinguished between those with houses in the townland and those living elsewhere who leased or owned land there. The table takes this into account.

Census of ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 42 people in 14 families; a ratio of three persons per family. Nine of the families occupied two rooms, three occupied three rooms and two had four or more rooms.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 14 households enumerated in the Census, 7 contained at least one native Irish speaker - 8 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh.

  • John McGeeney, farmer, 65
    and his wife Ellen, 62
  • Anne McCoy, farmer, widow, 68
  • Owen Keenan, farmer, 60
  • Rose Keenan, dressmaker, 40
  • Anne Larkin, mother of Thomas, 86
  • Bridget McCabe, caretaker on farm, widow, 66
  • Mary Quinn, sister-in-law of Ellen Loye, housekeeper, 62

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 20 19 14 14 14 14 14 13 10 11 10
People 126 82 69 62 81 68 42 37 31 29 34
People per house 6.3 4.3 4.9 4.4 5.8 4.9 3.0 2.8 3.1 2.6 3.4

In the period of 110 years, the number of households was halved and the population dropped by 73%. The initial fall of 35% after the famine years, was followed by more losses until the 1881 census showed a significant improvement. However, the improvement did not last and the decline continued until the 1920s when the position stabilised.

Names of House and land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.

NOTE: "McGunshenan" is now "Nugent"


Census of Creggan Title Applotment Book Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1935 1969
(Lisgalgott) (Liscolgat) (Liscalgat) (Liscalgat) (Liscalgat) (Liscalgat) (Liscalgat)
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Francis Burn Samuel Gilmer Henry Genety James Coulter James Faughey James Faughey John Hearty
James Burn Mrs E. Jackson Samuel Gilmore Elizer Gilmore David Gilmore David Gilmore Owen Larkin
John Burn Owen Keenan David Jackson John Hearty John Hearty Mary Anne Griffin Patrick Larkin
Tedy Burn Widow Kennan Owen Kane Catherine Keenan Owen Larkin Owen Hearty John Loye
Owen Carragher Patt Larkin Ann Keenan Owen Keenan Patrick Larkin Owen Hearty Patrick Nugent
Hugh Casey Stephen Larkin Laurence Keenan Rose Keenan Ellen Loy Owen Larkin Maj. Michael Wright
Terence Grimes Thomas Larkin Rose Keenan Thomas Larkin John Loy Patrick Larkin
James Heal Manus Loy Bryan Loy Anne Loye Patrick Loy (John) James Loye
Thomas Heal Patt Loy Felix Loy Catherine Loye Reps. Patrick Loy John Loye
Cormuck Heer Peter Loy James Loy Ellen Loye John McCoy
Terence Herety Thomas Loy Owen Larkin Patrick Loy Owen Murphy
Patrick Hughs Michael McCave Patrick Larkin Bridget McCabe
George Jackson James McCoy Anne McCoy Land Land Land
Edward Keenan Thomas McGeeney John McGeeney Sir Thomas Jackson Bart. Patrick Conlon Patrick Conlon
Patrick Keenan Thomas McGeeny Bridget McShane Bridget McShane
Murtogh Lamb Land John McShane Patrick Quinn Patrick McShane
Daniel Laverty John Loy John Rooney Patrick Quinn
Bryan Lennan Mary Wright John Rooney
Cormuck Lennan
Edmund Lennan
Terence Lennan
Thomas Lennan
John Marks
Phillip McArdle
Hugh McGeeny
Thomas McGunshenan
John McParlan
John Rowland

[Back to Townlands Timeline]

Last Updated on 31 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002