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CULLYHANNA LITTLE


Location

Cullyhanna Little is a townland of 331 statute acres 1 rood and 2 perches about four miles north of Crossmaglen. It includes 8 acres of Cullyhanna Lough It is bounded on the north by Skeriff and Cullyhanna Big, on the east by Tullynavall, on the south by Cloghoge and Sheetrim and on the west by Kiltyban. Cullyhanna Big and Cullyhanna Little were not recorded as separate townlands before the Townland Valuation of 1837. Therefore I have included the earlier census/survey information in each of the townlands.

Name of townland

The name "Cullyhanna" means either "The holly plain" or "The marshy hill or the marshy hollow" depending on the uthority consulted. Apart from Cullyhanna Big there is no other townland of this name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Hearth Money Roll of the Fews 1664
  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First NI Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of the Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1971
Valuation 481-5-0 193-10-0 215-5-0 265-17-0 267-12-0 345-17-0 344-17-0

In the 1828 Tithe Applotment Books, which enumerates the single Cullyhanna, the total area is given as 543 acres 1 rood and 16 perches (Irish). The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 24-1-3. The valuation table reflects the position before and after the division.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were none in the townland.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records Thomas P. Ball as the owner of the townland.

The following table sets out land holdings by acreage in 1864 and 1935.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
14
12
13
39
1935
15
10
3
28

Census of Ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 73 persons in 19 households; a ratio of 3.8 people per household. The households occupied a total of 42 rooms; a ratio of 2.2 rooms per household and 1.7 persons per room. Of the 19 households, five had 3 rooms, 13 had 2 rooms and one had a single room. Eight people occupied the single room accommodation.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 19 households enumerated in the Census six contained native Irish speakers - seven in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh -

  • Mary Hughes, farmer, 55
  • Bernard Hughes, farmer, 83
  • Patrick Kelly, farmer, 70
    and his wife Rose, 58
  • Michael Carragher, farmer, 53
  • Peter Quinn, farmer, 75
  • Laurence Quinn, farmer, 60

* The average age of the group was 65.

* Of the group, Four could read and write, three could neither read nor write.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 39 36 36 30 28 25 19 21 18 18 14
People 210 193 189 169 140 112 73 67 59 50 43
People per house 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.0 4.5 3.8 3.2 3.3 2.8 3.1

In the period of 110 years, the number of households dropped by almost two thirds (64%) and the population by 80%. After the initial fall following the Famine years, the population fell steadily until the beginning of the 20 century after which the rate of decline slowed down.

Names of House and land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


               
Hearth Money Rolls Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1664 1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
Cullhennagh Cullyhannagh Cullyhanna Cullyhanna Little Cullyhanna Little Cullyhanna Little Cullyhanna Little Cullyhanna Little
               
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Phillipp McCardill Owen Hanratty John Bellew Mary Donnelly Michael Carragher John Carraher (Johnny) Patrick Carragher Sarah Campbell
Patte McShane Peter Hugh John Burns Anne Hughes James Hearty Michael Carraher Bernard Daly Michael Carragher
Art O'Branigan Patrick Hughs Edward Caragher Bernard Hughes Anne Hughes Bernard Daly Francis Hughes Patrick Carragher
James O'Branigan Patrick McArdle Henry Caragher Bryan Hughes Bernard Hughes John Fee V. Hughes Francis Hughes
Cormock O'Lavell Ross McMahon James Caragher James Hughes Mary Hughes Ellen Hughes M. Kelly Terence McMahon
Turlagh O'Morish Cormick Quin Owen and Patt Carragher Margaret Hughes Susan Hughes Francis Hughes Terence McMahon Francis Quinn
Manus Quin Patt Caragher Patrick Hughes Patrick Kelly Bernard Kelly Francis Quinn Mary Quinn (Thomas)
Murtagh Quin Widow Caragher Peter Hughes Edward McKeown Michael Kelly James Quinn (Bernard) P.J. Quinn
neese Quin Widow Caragher Catherine Kelly Mary McKeown Rose McKeown Mary J. Quinn Patrick Quinn (Bernard)
Owen Quin John Donaldson Charles Kelly Anne J Quinn Mary J. Quinn Mary Quinn (Thomas) Leata M. Speers
Phelemy Quin Michael Donnelly John Kelly Bernard Quinn Bernard Quinn P. Quinn  
Patrick Toner Retd (?) (Mr?) Donnelly Patrick McElroy Catherine Quinn John E. Quinn P.J. Quinn Land
Patt Durnan Bernard McKeown Edward Quinn John Quinn Patrick Quinn (Bernard) Daniel Kelly
Samuel Goodman Michael McKeown John Quinn Mary Quinn (Baker)   Hugh C. McMahon
Thomas Grant Denis Murtagh John Quinn Patrick Quinn Land Thomas McNulty
Bernard Hughes Alice Quinn Laurence Quinn Patrick Quinn Catherine Carragher John Joseph McShane
Ferdy Hughes Anne Quinn Mary Quinn Patrick Quinn (Thomas) Daniel Kelly Catherine Quinn
John Hughes Bernard Quinn Michael Quinn Peter Quinn Michael Largy (Michael) Frank Quinn
Michael Hughes Bryan Quinn Peter Quinn   Margaret Loy Hugh Quinn
Owen Hughes Henry Quinn Land Patrick Mahon (Kiltyban) John Quinn
Owen Hughes James Quinn Bernard Carraher Hugh C. McMahon Kathleen Quinn
Patt Hughes James Quinn Thomas Grant Thomas McNulty Patrick J. Quinn
Peter Hughes John Quinn Mary Anne Hughes F. Quinn Mary J. Quinn
Philip Hughes Judith Quinn Reps. Mary Anne Hughes Frank Quinn Patrick Rowland
Philip Hughes Jun Margaret Quinn Hugh Largy James Quinn  
Widow Hughes Michael Quinn (Baker) Michael Largy John Quinn  
Widow Hughes Michael Quinn (John) Patrick Laverty Patrick Quinn (Thomas)  
William Huston Patrick Quinn (Bryan) Ellen McKeown Patrick Rowland  
Alex. Johnston Patrick Quinn (Charles) Hugh McMahon    
Widow James Kelly Patrick Quinn (Niece) Anne Quinn    
Widow Patt Kelly Peter Quinn Charles Quinn    
Bernard Lamb Thomas Quinn Hugh Quinn    
John Lamb Mary Walsh John Traynor    
Henry Lannon Mary Quinn    
James Lannon Land      
Patt Lannon Michael Caraher      
Terence Lannon Henry Campbell      
Bryan McAldrew John Collins      
Bryan McArdle Patrick McMahon      
William McBride Bryan Quinn (Charles)      
Bryan McCarle      
Patt McElroy      
Thomas McKeone      
James McMahon      
Owen McMahon      
Neal McShane      
Patt Moley      
Widow Moley      
Patt Murphy      
Phelix O'Hanlon      
John O'Heir      
John O'Heir      
Bryan (Michael) Quin      
Bryan Quin      
Charles Quin      
Charles Quinne      
Felix Quin      
Francis Quin      
Francis Quin & Co      
Henry Quin      
John Charles Quin      
John Owen Quin      
John Patt Quin      
John Quin (boy)      
Michael M. Quin      
Michael Owen Quin      
Michael Quinn      
Owen Quin      
Patt Quin      
Peter and James Quin      
Terence Quin      
Widow John Quin      
Widow John Quin      
Peter Raverty      
John Rowland      
Thomas Rowland      
James Speers      
Samuel Speers        

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Last Updated on 31 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002