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CULLAVILLE

Location

Cullaville is a village and townland of 145 statute acres 2 roods and 25 perches (including 2 acres water) about 2 miles east of Crossmaglen. It is bounded on the north by Cornahove, on the east by Monaguillagh and Creevekeeran, on the south by Glasdrummonaghy and Annaghgad, and on the east by Carrickamone and Ballynacarry. The townland does not appear in the Tithe Applotment and may have been incorporated in Monaguillagh.

Name of Townland

The name of the townland means "McCulla's Town". There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland General Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1970
Valuation 119-4-8 143-5-0 107-0-0 238-10-0 491-10-0 827-15-0

The increase in rateable value in 1970 was due to the construction of 32 public authority houses in the townland in the 1960s.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were four such houses in the townland -
Terence Hanaway
John Monaghan
Catherine O'Callaghan
Hugh O'Callaghan

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the owner of the most of the land as the representatives of John Reed. Of the 13 land holdings, 8 were of less than 10 acres, three between 10 and 20 acres and 2 of 20 or more ares. James Geraghty is recorded as having a forge.

In the 1935 Revaluation the distribution of the (still 13) land holdings were hardly changed - 8 less than 10 acres, 4 between 10 and 20 acres and 1 over 20 acres. The forge was owned by James Sammon.

Census of Ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 81 people in 14 households. Excluding Patrick Cunningham- with 8 rooms and 16 people - the other 13 households comprised 65 people; a ratio of five people per household. These households occupied a total of 31 rooms, a ratio of 2.4 people per room. Three of these households, totalling eight people, lived in single room accommodation; seven lived in two rooms, and three had 4 or more rooms.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 14 households enumerated in the Census, four contained at least one native Irish speaker - 5 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh, with the exception of Norah Ruddy, born Co. Monaghan.

  • Thomas Watters, father of James Watters, retired farmer, 76
  • Patrick Donnelly, farmer, 46
    and his aunt Mary McArdle, retired domestic servant, 83
  • Norah Ruddy, governess in house of Patrick Cunningham, 17
  • Ann Meehan, retired domestic servant, 70

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 18 18 20 24 17 15 14 11 12 16 14
People 103 77 84 115 67 66 81 79 63 71 65
People per house 5.7 4.3 4.2 4.8 3.9 4.4 5.8 7.2 5.3 4.4 4.6

The population of the townland declined between 1841 and 1861 - following the pattern of most others. However, by 1871 the population was higher than in 1841. This surge, the reason for which is not known, did not last and from 1881 the population fluctuated without further decline. By 1970 the development of public housing had dramatically increased the habitation and population.

Names of House and land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


           
Census of Creggan Griffiths Valuation Census 1901 First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
Cullovill Cullaville Cullaville Cullaville Cullaville Cullaville
     
Households Households Households Households Households
James Ferguson Alice Boyle Patrick Boyle John Agnew James Boyle Joseph Boyle
Bryan Collin Patrick Cunningham James Boyle Katherine Conlon Michael Boyle
James Geraghty Patrick Donnelly Annie Donnelly James Cumiskey Joseph Burns
Michael Finnegan Catherine Laverty John McAllister J. Keegan Julia Burns
Patrick Finnegan Patrick Maguire Peter McCreesh Bridget Keenan Michael Burns
John Hanratty Bridget McArdle Thomas McGuinness T. Keenan Patrick Byrne
Peter Hughes Margaret McCreesh Laurence and Matilda Rafferty Annie McAleavey Patrick A. Boyle
James Kelly Patrick McCreesh James Watters Peter McCreesh Catherine Conlon
Bridget Lafferty Jane McEvoy   Thomas McCreesh James Cumiskey
Bridget Lafferty (lodgers) Ann Meehan Land Michael Morgan Kathleen Donnelly
Jeremiah McDonnell Ellen Murray John Boyle Patrick Sammon Francis Duffy
Jeremiah McDonnell (lodgers) James Sammon Michael Boyle Malachy Watters Michael Farrell
Michael McGuinness James Watters Michael Boyle Jun.   Edward Finnegan
Anne McVeagh George Wilson Patrick Cunningham Land James Finnegan
Jane Murry Thomas Brady J. Boyle Rose Garland
Catherine Sheils Patrick McCreesh M. Boyle Jun. Elizabeth H. Gregory
Jane Toner   Peter Brady Patrick Gregory
Neill Waters   P. Cunningham Thomas Hughes
James Wilson   Patrick McCreesh J. Keegan
    Brian Kieran
Land     Edward Kieran
James Wilson     Bridget Keenan
James McGuinness     Bridget Lamb
Patrick Brady     Eugene Maguire
          Francis Maguire
          Seamus Mallon
          Cahill McAleavey
          Peter McCreesh
          Thomas McCreesh
          Thomas McCreesh
          Eugene McGeeney
          Cyril McKevitt
          Edward McMahon
          James Meegan
          John Meegan
          Michael Mooney
          T. Mooney
          Anthony Morgan
          Michael Morris
          Charles O'Neill
          Patrick Sammon
          Patrick Teelin
          Oliver Toner
          John Tosh
          Patrick Traynor
          Richard Stewart
          Malachy Watters
           
          Land
          Katie Boyle
          Peter Brady
          Owen Keegan
          James Kelly
          Patrick McCreesh

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Last Updated on 31 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002