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CROSSMAGLEN TOWNLAND

Crossmaglen is a townland and town of 324 statute acres and 27 perches about 8 miles north of Dundalk and 14 west of Newry. It is bounded on the north by Urcher, on the east by Monog and Sheiland, on the south by Moybane and Lissaraw, on the west by Creevekeeran and on the northwest by Rathkeelan. There is a separate page for that part of the town of Crossmaglen which is in the townland and that which in the townland of Rathkeelan.

The origin of the name 'Crossmaglen' is uncertain. It has been interpreted by John Donaldson as "The cross of the shading plain", and by Hugh Macauley as "McGlynn's crossroads. According to LP Murray, writing in the Vol VIII, No. 2 of the 1934 Journal of the County Louth Archeological Society -

"The village of Crossmaglen is of modern growth....In the local folklore it was merely famed for a well-known ale-house or shebeen - kept by a man named Lennon. It will be noted that the 1766 Census gives Owen Lennon among the ---- inhabitants - and his house (or shebeen), which was probably at the crossroads, was the origin of the variant Cros Mhig Lionnáin. If the village is really named after a family, we would be inclined...to select the McCleans or MacClanes. There are no Flynns, and but one Lennon, in the Fews in 1602; but the MacClanes were numerous in all the Census lists...."

In the Tithe Applotment Books of 1828 the area is recorded as 161 acres 1 roods and 36 perches (Irish). The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 6-17-7.

Rateable Valuation

The rateable valuation includes the value of property in both the townland and that part of the town of Crossmaglen in the townland, but excluding the valuation for that part of the town in the townland of Rathkeelan. The changes in the valuation is shown in the Crossmaglen Town page.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There is a substantial list of property owners recorded in respect of Crossmaglen. Also recorded is a statement that there were 58 houses exempt. That this mainly refers to the Town of Crossmaglen is testified, not only by the numbers involved but also by reference to an unfinished meeting house. It is not possible to distinguish those properties appropriate to the townland alone. Therefore the 1837 list is contained in the Crossmaglen Town Page.

Information Sources

The table below shows the names listed in the the townland from the following sources.

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
  • Census of Northern Ireland 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland General Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Grifiths Valuation records the owner of most of the townland and town as Thomas P. Ball. The distribution of land holdings in 1864 and 1935 are set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
13
5
6
24
1935
19
5
5
29

Census of Ireland 1901

1901 Census information in respect of "Dundalk Road" (an address not used in other sources) is included in the household and population figures for the townland though shown as a separate group in House and Land Holders Table below. In Census of Ireland 110 persons were enumerated in 21 households; a ratio of 5.2 people per household. The total number of rooms occupied was 65; a ratio of 3.1 rooms per household and 1.7 persons per room. One of the households occupied 6 rooms; two occupied 5 rooms; five occupied 4 rooms; four occupied 3 rooms; seven occupied 2 rooms and two had a single room. Seven of the houses were thatched.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 21 households enumerated in the Census, three contained a total of five native Irish speakers, all on the Dundalk Road. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here.

  • Bernard McEneny, shopkeeper, 79, born Co. Monaghan
    and a lodger John Carroll, scutcher in flax mill, 60, born Co. Armagh
  • Annie Reilly, lodging house keeper, 50, born Co. Louth
    and a lodger John Green, general labourer, 65. born Co Louth
  • James Morgan, blacksmith, 38, born Co. Armagh

Of the group, three could read and write, one could read and one could neither read nor write.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the valuations since 1864 distinguish between those with houses in the townland and those, living elsewhere, who leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, the details provide a comparison of the names of house and landholders that were enumerated in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


               
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
Cross Crossmaglen Crossmaglen Crossmaglen Crossmaglen Crossmaglen Crossmaglen
             
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
             
Barry John Ball Esq. Samuel Carney Stephen Carrol Michael Cassidy Joseph Armstrong William Brogan A.
Bickerstaff Widow Caroll Nicholas Corr William Hale James Clarke Thomas Cassidy Joseph Caragher Francis J.
Brown John Ellis John Duffy Anne Hale Jonathan Cumiskey James Clarke T. Casey ?
Buchanan John Finegan Hugh Ellis John Hale Joseph Duffy Mary Clarke Thomas Cash ?
Camaway Terence Goodfellow Samuel Hale (Nicholas) Richard Hale Samuel Duffy Michael Donaldson James Clarke T.
Cullin William Gordon Michael Hale James Jun. Hale William Durkan Walter Duffy Michael Cumiskey Patrick
Donaldson Alexander Hale James Hale James Sen. McCardle Patrick Hale Caroline Duffy Patrick Devlin ?
Donaldson Widow Hale James Hale Jane McCardle Philip Hale James Fee P.J. Donaldson James
Donaldson William Hale Nicholas Hale Jonathan Morris Thomas Hale Joseph Gilford J. Duffy Michael
Hillan Patrick Hale Richard Lennan Thomas Shields James Hearty Joseph Hale William Duffy Patrick
Hillan Widow Hale William Lennon Anne Shields Lawrence Hughes James Hanratty James Fee P.J.
Keenan Dennis Hamilton Johnston McArdle Denis Stephens John Hughes Patrick Harvey John Hale William
Keenan Patrick Hanratty Hugh McArdle James   Hughes Peter Hearty Coleman Hanratty ?
Lennan Owen Kearney James McArdle Philip Dundalk Road Kelly Albert G. Hearty Joseph Hanratty James
Little Adam Lannen Bryan McEntaggart Peter Bray James McAllister Robert Hughes Ellen Harvey John
Makkin James Lannen Thomas Shiels Anne Kerns Patrick McArdle James Hughes Joseph Hearty Catherine
McCullagh George Largey Michael Shiels Francis Martin John McEntee Francis Hughes Patrick Hearty Coleman
McCullagh Samuel Mackin Patt Stephens John McAllister Thomas McGarroll Mary Kearney Margaret Keegan Mary
McCullagh William McAlister James Waters Owen McEnaney Bryan McShane Mary Keegan Mary Kirk Leo
McGill Bryan McAnulty Hugh   McEneaney Peter Quigley Michael McAllister John Martin ?
McGrane Dennis McArdle Dennis Land Morgan James Shiels John McArdle Henry McAllister John
McIlvine David McArdle Patt Stitt William Shields Patrick Shiels Patrick McArdle James McAllister William
McKnight Josh McArdle Rose McConville James Reilly Annie Smith John McCusker Michael McCune Trevor
McManus Patrick McArdle Simon McQuillan Patrick   Stephens George McEntee Francis McCusker Michael
McShane Hugh McArdle Simon Hale (Richard) Richard     McEntee John McEntee ?
Moffit Samuel McArdle Widow Carney Eleanor   Land McGarrell Mary McEntee Hugh Joseph
Smith William McArdle Widow James Gordon Francis   Coyne Felix Claude McNamee Patrick McEntee John
Stephens William McConville Hugh McDonnell Jeremiah   Fitzpatrick Patrick McNamee Patrick McEvoy Morgan
Tomson William McGragh Sally McConville Patrick   Gibson Martha McShane James McNamee patrick
  O'Hanlon John     Hale William McShane Patrick McNamee Patrick
  O'Hare Owen     Martim Margaret Morris Thomas McNamee Patrick
  Shields Frank     Martin Patrick Newell John McShane James
  Shields Patt     McAllister James O'Callaghan Patrick McShane Patrick
  Stephens George     McArdle Michael O'Neill Vincent Morgan Eugene
  Stephens George     McConville Francis Patton James Morris Thomas
  Stephens John     McConville Michael Quigley Mary J. Newell John
  Stephens Thomas     McConville Patrick Regan Gilbert O'Callaghan Patrick
  Stephens William       Ritchie Robert Patton James
  Ward John       Rush J.J. Quigley J.
          Rush S. Quigley Mary J.
          Shields Joseph Quinn ?
          Shields Patrick Regan Gilbert
          Stephens George Ritchie Robert
          Stephens John. Rush J.J.
            Rush Patrick
          Land Rush S.
          Ball Reps Thomas P. Shields Patrick
          Duffy Mary Shiels G.
          Fitzpatrick Patrick White Edward
          Martin J.  
          Martin Patrick Land
          McAllister James Ball Reps Thomas P.
          McCardle Patrick Fitzpatrick Patrick
          McConville Catherine Martin Patrick
          McConville Patrick McAllister James
          McShane Patrick (Square) McCardle Patrick
          Rodgers Patrick McConville Patrick
            McShane Patrick (Square)
            O'Neill Vincent
            Rooney Paul
            Stephens George

[Back to Townlands Timeline]

Last Updated on 1 January 2003
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2003