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CREENKILL

Location

Creenkill is a townland of 319 statute acres 3 roods and 26 perches in County Armagh just north of Crossmaglen and on the left of the road to Cullyhanna. It is bounded on the north by Annaghmare and Sheetrim, on the east by Carran, on the south by Rathkeelan and on the west by Loughross and Corliss.

Name of townland

There are no other townlands in Ireland called 'Creenkill'. However, in County Kilkenny there is a 'Creenkill Beg' and a 'Creenkill Mor'.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Hearth Money Roll of the Fews 1664
  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1901
  • First Northern Ireland General Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1970
Valuation 130-13-4 134-18-6 159-0-0 180-10-0 183-5-0 248-15-0 271-15-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books the total area is shown as 191 acres and 22 perches (Irish) and the Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe is 6-10-8.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were no such houses in the townland.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the owners of the townland as Archibald and James Erskine. The distribution of land holdings (excluding "bog only" holdings) in 1864 and 1935 are set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
15
7
4
26
1935
9
9
5
23

Census of Ireland 1901

In Census 57 persons were enumerated in 15 households; a ratio of 3.8 people per household. The households occupied a total of 40 rooms; a ratio of 2.7 rooms per household and 1.4 people per room. One of the households had 5 rooms, two had 4 rooms, 3 had 3 rooms and nine had 2 rooms. Ten of the households (66.7%) were thatched.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 15 households enumerated in the Census three contained one native Irish speakers. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All three were born in Co. Armagh -

  • Bridget Harvey, farmer, 60
  • Edward Nugent, farmer, 50
  • Catherine McShane, farmer, widow, 60

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 32 27 29 26 20 18 15 11 11 11 12
People 166 120 136 124 86 63 57 49 48 52 48
People per house 5.2 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.3 3.5 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.0

In the period of 110 years, the number of households reduced by 63% and the population dropped by 71%. Following a drop of 28% between 1841 and 1851 - the Famine years, there was a brief increase in the following two decades before the onset of a continuing decline to 1911 before the population stabilised.

Names of House and land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


               
Hearth Money Rolls Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1664 1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
(Krankill) (Creenkill) (Creenkill) (Creenkill) (Creenkill) (Creenkill) (Creenkill) (Creenkill)
               
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
John Pillow Michael Lennon Owen Carragher Francis Carragher Owen Carragher John Carraher M. Boyle M. Boyle
Stephen McKenna James Corr Peter Corr Patrick Daly Rose Daly Catherine Caraher Catherine Caraher
Patrick Quin John Corr Francis Cunningham James Elmore Francis Hanratty Reps Rose Daly Michael Daly
Widow Woods Bryan Duffy Felix Elmour Catherine McShane John Kelly A. McDonald Frank McDonald
Patt Goodman Felix Hanratty Felix Hanratty Ellen McDonnell Frank McDonald Patrick McDonnell
Philip Goodman Patrick Hanratty Maggie Hanratty Michael McDonnell P. McDonnell Patrick McManus
Phelix Hanratty Bryan Harvey Bridget Harvey James McGuire Patrick McManus Eugene Nugent
Widow Hearty James Kearney Owen Haughey Reps. Terence McManus Eugene Nugent Reps. James Nugent
Michael Hymna (?) Neill Kelly Patrick Kearney John Nugent Reps. James Nugent John Quinn
Owen Hymna (?) Patrick Kelly John Kelly Bernard Quinn John Quinn Robert White
James Kearney Michale Lafferty Michael Lafferty   T. Quinn  
Matthew Kearney Thomas Lappin Thomas McManus   Robert White  
Owen Kearney Owen Magan Patrick Moley      
Patt Kearney Michael Moley Edward Nugent Land Land Land
Widow Kearney Patrick McCabe Catherine Quinn Alice Corr F. Carraher F. Carraher
Patt Kelly Bryam McGuire Michael Daly Mary A. Carragher Margaretta Carragher
James Lamb Catherine McShane Catherine Doran Felix Daly Mary A. Carragher
Owen Lamb Hugh McShane James Duffy Michael Daly Catherine Doran
Bryan Lappan Patrick McShane Edward Elmour Catherine Doran Edward Elmore
Thomas Lappan Thomas McManus James Hanratty Edward Elmore Eugene Hanratty
Bryan Maguire James Nugent Joseph Kelly Eugene Hanratty Michael Hanratty
Owen McAnulty James Nugent Michael Kelly Joseph Kelly Joseph Kelly
James McCabe George Quinn Francis McNulty Joseph Kelly (Carran) Joseph Kelly (Carran)
Widow McConville Patrick Moley Mrs Bernard Largey (Cloghoge) Mrs Bernard Largey (Cloghoge)
Thomas McDonnell Land James Nugent M. McDonald John Moynes
John McGurk Jun. Patrick Cunningham James Short M. McDonnell Daniel Traynor
John McGurk Sen. Daniel Daly Thomas Traynor Francis McNulty  
Peter McKenna Felix Daly   John Moynes  
William McKenna Bryan Doran   Daniel Traynor  
Edward McShane Anne Kearney      
Owen McShane John Kelly      
John O'Hanlon      
Arthur Quinne      
Thomas Rowland      

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Last Updated on 31 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002