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CORNONAGH

Location

Cornonagh a townland of 547 statute acres 2 roods and 20 perches. It is about three miles from Crossmaglen on the Creggan-Ballsmill road. It is bounded on the north by Drumbally, Cregganbane and Lurgancullenboy, on the east by Mounthill, on the south by County Louth and on the west by Coolderry.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means either "The high hill of whins" or "The round hill of the river" depending on the authority consulted. There is no other townland in Ireland with that name.

There are two articles about Cornonagh in "Creggan", the Journal of the Creggan Local History Society, both by Len Gourd-

  • "The Cornonagh Evictions" No 9 - 1999/2000 page 94
  • "Cornonagh in 1901" No 10 - 2001/2002 page 86

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Hearth Money Roll of the Fews 1664
  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1854
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of the Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1854 1935 1957 1971
Valuation 206-1-8 246-10-11 201-11-0 210-2-0 275-5-0 113-5-0 127-0-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books the total area is given as 315 acres 1 rood and 20 perches (Irish). The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 10-6-1.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were none in the townland.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and post codes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the owner of the townland as mostly Rev. Edward J. Hamilton with the exception of 231/2 acres belonging to Samuel Gilmore and George Griffin. In addition to the land they owned, Samuel Gilmore and George Griffin also leased an additional 21 acres.

The following table compares the acreage distribution in 1854 and 1935.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1854
41
12
7
60
1935
35
14
6
55

The land holdings in 1957 were not counted.

Census of Ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 193 people in 48 households, a ratio of 4 people per household.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 48 households enumerated in the Census, 26 contained at least one native Irish speaker - 38 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh, with the exception of Mary Donaghy, Edward Hearty and Rose Conlon - born in Co. Louth and Mary Quinn, Co Monaghan.

  • Mary Donaghy, farmer, widow, 65
  • Michael McKeown, retired farmer, 75
    Father of Patrick McKeown
  • Mary Donaghy, farmer, widow, 70
  • Michael Morgan, farmer, 70
  • Peter McShane, farmer, 54
  • Edward Hearty, farmer, 65
  • Thomas Duffy, farmer, 62
    and his wife Anne, 60
  • Mary Faughy, farmer, 80
  • Thomas Eastwood, farmer, 60
    and his wife Ellen, 45
  • Peter Conlon, farmer, 70
    his wife Rose, 50
    and his brother-in-law, Michael Matthews, ag. labourer, 48
  • John Kiernan, farmer, 78
  • Patrick McGeeney, farmer, 62
  • Bridget Traynor, farmer's wife, 46
  • Mary Quinn, farmer, widow, 90
    and her daughter Rose Gogarty,50
  • James O'Hagan, farmer, 66
    and his wife Rose, 58
  • Patrick McCooey, farmer, 63
  • Rose McGuirk, seamstress, 45
    and her sister Bridget, seamstress, 60
  • Laurance Hughes, labourer, 58
  • Patrick McCooey, farm labourer, 57
    and his wife Catherine, housekeeper, 51
  • Rose Morris, farmer, widow, 70
  • Patrick Hughes, farm labourer, 60
    and his wife Catherine, 59
  • Edward Martin, farm labourer, 60
    and his wife Ellen, 42
  • Alice Hughes, farmer, 57
  • Patrick Hearty, farmer, 65
    and his wife Catherine, 56
  • Matthew Hearty, farmer, 52
  • Bernard Duffy, farmer, 67
    and his wife Rose, 62
* The average age of the Irish speakers was 61; the oldest 90, the youngest 42.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 97 99 85 82 76 66 48 46 40 45 31
People 505 455 374 329 297 267 193 185 131 129 109
People per house 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.3 2.9 3.5

In the period of 110 years, the number of households reduced by 68% and the population by 78% - more than three quarters. The reduction continued steadily until the 1920s, after which the rate of decline slowed.

Names of House and Land Holders

In the Tithe Applotment Books it is possible that the same person may appear more than once for different parcels of land.

All the Valuation records identify separately those with houses in the townland and those who leased or owned land these while living elsewhere. The Census enumerated only those with households in the townland. The Table below sets out this information accordingly.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


               
Hearth Money Roll Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1664 1766 1828 1854 1901 1935 1957 1969
Cornionagh Corneonagh Corneonagh Cornoonagh Cornonagh Cornoonagh Cornoonagh Cornoonagh
   
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Patt O'Lawell Bryan Callaghan Lennox Bigger Esq. James Brennan Rose Callaghan Henry Comisky James Conlon Brendan Conlon
Philip O'Lawell Bryan Casey James Brianan Peter Brennan Patrick Conlon Patrick Comiskey M. Conlon M. Conlon
Turlagh O'Lawell Thomas Connelan Patt Brannan Jun Sarah Brennan Peter Conlon Thomas Conlon Patrick Conlon Patrick Conlon
James O'Mullaghan Owen Donnelly Patt Brannan Sen Michael Casey James Cummiskey Charles Donaghy Bridget Donaghy Bridget Donaghy
Patt O'Mullaghan Isaac Donnely Patt Brannan Sen James Conlon Michael Cummiskey Mary Donaghy Catherine Donaghy Catherine Donaghy
Patrick Donnely James Conlon Michael Conlon Thomas Cummiskey Mary Donaghy Margaret Donaghy Margaret Donaghy
Peter Donnely Thomas Conlon Patrick Conlon Mary Donaghy Thomas Donaghy Thomas Donaghy Owen Donaghy
Richard Evers Edward Cummiskey Edward Cumisky Mary Donaghy Julia Donnelly Patrick Donnelly Patrick Donnelly
Cormick Herety Michael Cummiskey Reps Edward Cumisky Michael Donnelly Owen Duffy Owen Duffy Patrick Duffy
Michael Herety Patt Cummiskey Michael Cumiskey Peter Donnelly John Hannon John Hannon Thomas Flynn
Bryan Hughs Peter Cummiskey Bridget Denahy Bernard Duffy Edward Hearty Jun. Laurence Hearty Margaret Hearty
John Hutcheson Patt Donaghy Peter Denaghy Thomas Duffy Felix Hearty Matthew Hearty Michael Hearty
Andrew Keane Peter Donaghy Anne Devlin Thomas Eastwood Kate Hearty Michael Hearty Patrick Loy
Denis Keane Owen Donnelly Michael Donnelly Bryan Faughy Mary Hearty Thomas Hearty Bridget Mallon
Edmund Keene Cormick Duffy John Dubbs Mary Faughy Matthew Hearty Mary Kane Hugh Martin
Laurence Keane Owen Duffy James Duffy Edward Hearty Michael Hearty Mary Loy Michael McGeeney
Widow Keane Owen Duffy Jun Patrick Duffy Matthew Hearty Pater Hearty Bridget Mallon Patrick McGeeney
Daniel Kieran James Eastwood James Eastwood Patrick Hearty Reps. Owen Hughes Hugh Martin James McKeown
Hugh Lamb Edward Hearty Hugh Fahy Patrick Hearty Hugh Martin P. Martin T.McKeown
Neese McElterny John Hearty James Fahy Alice Hughes John McCooey Arthur McCooey Michael McShane
Phelemy McEnalty Patt Hearty Mary Golligly Lawrance Hughes Patrick McCooey Michael McGeeney Michael McShane
James McGaw Owen Hearty Arthur Harty Patrick Hughes Michael McComiskey T.McKeown P.J. McShane
Art McGeeny Arthur Hughes Hugh Harvey John Kiernan Michael McGeeney Tkomas McKeown Mary Traynor
Edmund McGinisse Lawrence Hughes Reps. Edward Hearty Thomas Lavell Peter McGeeney Michael McShane Nicholas Traynor
Edmund McGraw Peter Hughes Laurence Herty Edward Martin Rose McGurk P. McShane Patrick Traynor
John McInvine Thomas Hughes Matthew Herty Patrick McCooey James McKeown P.J. McShane Patrick Traynor
Art Murphy Thomas Kernaghan Nicholas Herty Patrick McCooey Patrick McKeown John Morgan Patrick Woods
Joseph Powell Henry Kirk Arthur Hughes Patrick McGeeney John McShane James Traynor  
John Quinn Manus Kirk Bryan Hughes Peter McGeeney Michael McShane Nicholas Traynor Land
Edmund Roundtree Peter Kirk Denis Hughes Rose McGuirk John Morgan Patrick Traynor  
Peter Tool Bryan Lavell James Hughes Patrick McKeown Michael Morgan Patrick Woods J. Campbell
Edward Lavelle Judith and Rose Hughes John McShane Peter Morgan   Michael Conlon
Hugh Lavelle Laurence Hughes Peter McShane Patrick Morris Land John Daly
James Mageeney Peter Hughes Margaret Morgan Patrick Murphy J. Campbell Mary Daly
Peter Mageeney Thomas Kiernan Michael Morgan James O'Hagan Michael Conlon (Thomas) Patrick Duffy
Thomas Mageeney Henry Kirk Patrick Morgan Richard O'Hagan Thomas Conlon Arthur Hamill
Patt Maginnis John Kirk Rose Morris Peter Quinn Patrick Duffy Richard Hamilton
Bryan McArdle Patrick Larkin Francis Murphy Ellen Robb Arthur Hamill Laurence Hearty
Widow McArdle Thomas Lavill James O'Hagan John Smith Richard Hamilton Mary Kane
Arthur McBride John Loey Mary Palmer Bryan Traynor Felix Hearty Peter Kane
Hugh McBride Arthur Mageany Mary Quinn James Traynor Reps Owen Hughes James Keenan
John McCabe Reps Edward Mageany Peter Robb Michael Traynor Peter Kane Patrick J. King
Thomas McCave Laurence Mageany John Smith Patrick Woods J. Keegan Patrick Larkin
James McCooey Michael Mageany Bryan Traynor James Keenan J. Mallon
Owen McCooey Edward Magennis Patrick Traynor Land Patrick Larkin John Mallon
Michael McDaniel Felix Magennis Patrick Traynor Thomas Eastwood   Michael McGeeney
Patt McDaniel James Magennis Michael Woods Anne Faughey Thomas Magill Michael McKeown
Roger McDaniel Patrick Maguirk [illegible] McShane Maggie Faughey J. Mallon Patrick McQuillan
James McDonnell Bryan McArdle Arthur Hamill Michael McGeeney Patrick John McShane
James McEntegart Michael McCabe James Keenan Michael McKeown Patrick McShane
Owen McFagy Eliza McCoy Patrick Larkin Patrick John McShane Ellen Morgan
Edward McGeeney Mary McCoy Arthur McCooey Patrick McShane Patrick Murphy
Henry McKeown Mary McCoy Patrick McKeon Ellen Morgan Daniel Murray
Michael McKeown Patrick McCoy Thomas McKeown James Morgan Michael Traynor
James McMahon John McDonnell Owen McShane Patrick Murphy  
John McShane Rose McDonnell Ellen Morgan Daniel Murray  
John Morgan Felix McKeon James Morgan Annie O'Hagan  
Owen Morgan Michael McKeon Patrick Morgan Mary J. Palmer  
Patt Morgan Thomas McKeon Thomas Morgan Bernard Traynor  
Thomas Morgan John McKeown Daniel Murray James Treanor  
Hugh Morris Michael McShane Bernard Traynor Michael Traynor  
Thomas Morris Owen McShane Richard Hamilton    
Francis Murphy Edward Morgan    
Michael Murphy Edward Morgan Jun    
Terence Quinn Michael Morgan Jun    
Thomas Robb and Son Thomas Morgan    
Eleanor Treanor Arthur Morris    
Patt Treanor Hugh Morris    
Thomas Treanor James Murphy    
Michael Woods Patrick Murphy    
Patt Woods Bryan Myers    
Thomas Woods Edward Quinn    
Mary Quinn    
Richard Quinn    
Thomas Robb    
Peter Toole    
Bryan Traynor    
Owen Traynor    
Thomas Traynor    
Michael Woods    
Owen Woods    
   
Leased land    
Owen Donnelly    
Samuel Gilmore    
George Griffin    
Mary Hughes    
Mary Keenan    
Owen Lamb    
      Neill Murphy        
      Edward Richard Quinn        
      Michael Traynor        
      Patrick Traynor        

[Back to Townlands Timeline]

Last Updated: 31 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002