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CLONALIG

Location

Clonalig is a townland of 613 statute acres 1 rood and 15 perches about three miles south west of Crossmaglen, a mile and a half from Culloville and straddling the (Concession) road from Castleblaney to Dundalk where it runs through Northern Ireland. It is bounded on the north by Cappagh and Mobane, on the east by Rassen In County Louth, on the south by County Monaghan and on the west by Drumboy, Annaghgad and Glasdrummonaghy.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means sither "The slothful tribe" or "The meadow of the flat stones" depending on the authority consulted. There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First NI Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1970
Valuation 202-20-0 247-2-8 271-5-0 333-28-0 382-20-0 236-20-0 300-25-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books 1828 the total area is recorded as 307 acres 2 roods and 6 perches (Irish). The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 10-2-6.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were two such houses in the townland -

Catherine McMaster
Thomas O'Callaghan

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and post codes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records that, with the exception of ten houses, ownership of the townland was shared between Peter Murphy and Dominick Daly, neither of whom lived there. The Valuation also records a National School House and a forge (Thomas Waters). The 1935 valuation records a forge (Peter Watters) and two quarries (Francis Gregory and Rose McGeeney). There were two labourer's cottages, each with 2 roods of land (Michael Morgan and Peter Martin).

The sizes of the land holdings in 1864 and 1935 are set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
52
13
5
70
1935
37
12
6
55

The land holdings in 1957 were not counted.

Census of Ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 213 persons in 52 households; a ratio of 4.1 people per household. The households occupied a total of 120 rooms; a ratio of 2.3 rooms per household and 1.8 people per room. One family of 13 had two rooms and one of 12 had three rooms. Twelve of the households had 3 or more rooms, 37 had two rooms and three had a single room. One household of 13 people occupied two rooms.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 52 households enumerated in the Census, 18 contained at least one native Irish speaker - 30 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh with the exception of Mary Ward, born Co. Monaghab and Bridget Donaho, born Co. Louth.

  • Mary Ward, farmer, widow, 75
  • Kate Rodgers, wife of James, 60
  • Michael McKenna, farmer, 83
    and his wife Mary, 53
  • Edward Gregory, farmer, 60
    and his wife Mary, 58
  • Mary Kelly, farmer, widow, 58
  • Francis Harvey, farmer, 70
    and his sister Bridget, retired domestic servant, 73
  • Bridget Mageeney, farmer, widow, 70
  • Patrick Mageeney, farmer, 68
    and his wife Ann, housekeeper, 60
  • Patrick McCabe, farmer, 68
    and his wife, Alice, 70
  • Owen McGeeney, farmer, 76
  • Thomas Mackin, farmer, 55
    and his wife Alice, 50
  • Micheal McGeeney, farmer, 72
    his wife Catherine, 68
    and son Patrick, farmer's son, 27
  • Michael Donaho, farmer, 58
    and his wife Bridget, 58
  • James Hamill, farmer, 53
    and his wife Bridget, 55
  • Peter Watters, farmer, 62
    and his brother bernard, 60
  • Catherine Watters, farmer, 53
    and her sister Margaret, lace maker, 50
  • Mary Harvey, farmer, widow, 60
  • Ann Downey, farmer, widow, 70
* The average age of the Irish speakers was 62; oldest 83, youngest 27
* Of the group, nine could read and write, six could read and 15 could neither read nor write

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 100 85 85 86 69 62 52 52 47 47 44
People 506 410 369 348 290 243 213 207 170 156 156
People per house 5.1 4.8 4.3 4.0 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.3 3.5

In the period of 110 years, the number of households reduced by 66% - two thirds - and the population dropped by 69%. Following an initial fall between of almost 100 people 1841 and 1851, clearly as a result of the Great Famine, the population steadily declined over the following 90 years reflecting the continuing lack of rural employment opportunities.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

The data are not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used different criteria. The table below allows the reader to compare the names and note some remarkable survivals of names. While we can not be sure that there are direct lines of descent in every case, it is more than likely that many are the same families.


             
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
             
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
James Gwin Peter Banikin Mary Bryan Mary Callan John Byrne John Byrne M. Byrne
Hugh Harvassy Widow Burns James Burns Michael Donaho Francis Donaghy Mary Byrne Patrick Connolly
John McArdle Peter Callan Peter Caragher Ann Downey Michael Donaghy Patrick Connolly Michael Donnelly
Owen McKenna Peter Caragher Peter Collins Owen Gartland Owen Garvey James Donaghy Peter Donaghy
John McMahon Thomas Caragher Bernard Cunningham Owen Garvey John Grant Michael Donnelly Mary Garvey
Hugh McMaster James Doran Mary Cunningham Peter Garvey Francis Gregory Peter Donaghy Peter Garvey
Bryan Downey Mary Cunningham Edward Gregory James Hamill Mary Garvey Margaret Goodman
John Downey Mary Donnelly James Hamill Susan Hamill Peter Garvey Edward Gregory
Michael Downey Hugh Downey Patrick Hamill Mary Harvey Francis Gregory Francis Gregory
Peter Grahams John Downey Francis Harvey Mary Harvey James Hamill Frank Gregory
Bryan Hamill Catherine Gartland Mary Harvey Patrick Harvey Mary Harvey Patrick Hearty
Nicholas Hamill Rose Gartland Ann Harvy Owen Keegan O. Keegan B. Keenan
Owen Hamill Edward Gregory Patrick Harvy Owen Keegan Peter Keegan Agnes Martin
Patt Hamill Felix Grimes Owen Holland Mary Keenan B. Keenan Peter Martin
Peter Hamill Bryan Hamill Owen Keenan Thomas Keenan Thomas Mackin Ellen McCabe
Dennis Harvasy John Hamill Mary Kelly James King Catherine Martin Patrick McCabe
Francis Harvasy Patrick Hamill James Lennon James Lennon F. Martin Michael McCoy
James Harvasy Patrick Hamill Thomas Macken John Luckie Ellen McCabe Eugene McGeeney
Owen Harvasy Patrick Hamill Jun Mary Magill Thomas Mackin Elizabeth McCoy John McGeeney
Patt Harvasy Patrick Hamill Sen Edmund Maguire Michael Magill James McCreesh Mary McGeeney
Peter Harvasy Mary Hanratty John Maguire Catherine Martin Owen McGarrell Felix and Bridget McHugh
Peter Henry Harvasy Anne Harvey Sen Michael Maguire Peter Martin E. McGeeney John McMahon
Thomas Harvasy Bridget Harvey Thomas Martin James McCabe Ellen McGeeney Michael McMahon
Widow Holland Bridget Harvey James Meehan Eliza McCoy John McGeeney James Moley
Michael Mageeny Bryan Harvey Bernard Murphy Michael McCoy Mary McGeeney Michael Morgan
Patt Mageeny George Harvey Patrick McAleavy James McCreesh Michael McGeeney Nan Morris
Michael Meighan Peter Harvey Patrick McCabe James McGeeney Susan McKenna Ellen Mullen
Edward Magill Peter Harvey James McCoy Michael McGeeney Michael McMahon Henry Murphy
James Magill Thomas Harvey Mary McCoy Rose McGarrell Hugh McNamee Catherinr Rush
Michael Magill Owen Holland Thomas McCoy Peter McGarvey Michael Morgan Mary Tinley
Owen Magill John Hughes Mary McEntegart Owen McGeeney (of Richard) Nan Morris Bridget Ward
Thomas Magill Patrick Keegan Rose McGarrell Patrick McGeeney Henry Murphy Bernard Watters
James Maguire James Lennon Bridget McGeeney Rose McGeeney William O'Connor J. Watters
Patt Maguire Patrick Macken James McGeeney John McKenna Felix O'Hanlon Patrick Watters
Patt Marks James Maguire Michael McGeeney Bridget McMahon Catherinr Rush Patrick Wilson
Patt Martin Patrick Maguire Owen McGeeney Hugh McNamee Mary Tinley  
Hugh McAleavy Michael Meegan Patrick McGeeney Michael Morgan Mary Tomelty Land
Bryan McCabe Owen Mulligan Michael McKenna James Murphy Thomas Ward Nicholas Agnew
Bryan McCave Mary Murphy John McMahon Felix O'Hanlon Bernard Watters John Byrne
Matthew McCave Patrick McAlevy Francis O'Neill Catheerine Rush Bernard Watters Patrick Connolly
Owen McCave Patrick McCabe James Rodgers Catherine Tinley J. Watters P. Hamill
Patt McCave Margaret McCormack Patrick Rush Thomas Ward Michael Watters Patrick Hamill
James McCormick Mary McCormack Ann Smith Annie Watters Peter Watters Felix Hearty
Owen McGurk Eliza McCoy Hugh Ward Bernard Watters   James King
Patt McGurk Francis McCoy Mary Ward Michael Watters   Thomas Mackin
Owen McKenna Matthew McCoy Alice Watters Peter Watters Land James McCabe
John McMahon Owen McCoy Jun. Bernard Watters   Patrick Agnew Owen Joseph McCabe
Michael McMahon Owen McCoy Sen Catherine Watters Land P. Hamill Patrick McCormack
Peter McMahon Patrick McCoy Owen Watters Peter Agnew Ann Harvey Elizabeth McCoy
Widow James McMahon James McGeeney Owen Watters Peter Donaghy Felix Hearty Peter McCoy
Widow John McMahon Michael McGeeney Patrick Watters James Grimes James King Michael McCreesh
Widow Matthew McMahon Owen McGeeney Peter Watters Anne Harvey James Luckey Michael McGeeney
Hugh McMaster Patrick McGeeney Felix Hearty Rose Luckey Rosie McGeeney
Thomas O'Callaghan Edward McGill Patrick McAleavy Peter Martin Felix McHugh
William Patience Michael McGill Patrick McCormack James McCabe Bridget McMahon
Bryan Smith Michael McKenna Michael McCreesh Patrick McCormack Henry Meegan
Peter Smith Michael McKenna John McGeeney Peter McCoy John Meeghan
Bryan Waters Bridget McMahon Owen McGeeney (of Jimmy) Michael McCreesh Patrick Murphy
Owen Watters Mary McMahon Patrick McGill John McGeeney J. O'Hagan
Widow Patt Watters Patrick McMahon Patrick Murphy Rose McGeeney Charles O'Neill
Peter McMahon Mrs J.O'Hagan Rosie McGeeney Michael Tinnelly
Peter McMahon Charles O'Neill Bridget McMahon James Watters
John McMaster John O'Neill Henry Meegan John Watters
Charles O'Neill Mary Shiels Patrick Murphy Peter Watters
Francis O'Neill Henry Watters J. O'Hagan  
Owen Trainor   Charles O'Neill  
Bryan Waters   Annie Watters  
Mary Waters   Patrick Watters  

[Back to Townlands Timeline]

Last Updated on 30 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002