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CARNALLY

Location

Carnally is a large townland of 811 statute acres and 2 roods which stretches south along its long axis from its northern boundary with Dorsey to its southern boundary with Glassdrumman just short of the Bog Road. Forde's Cross (3 miles from Crossmaglen) is in its northern quarter. Its eastern boundary is with Legmoylin and its western with Lurgancullenboy.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means sither "The wild heap of stones" or "The cairn of the cattle" depending on the authority consulted. There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Hearth Money Roll of the Fews 1664
  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1854
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First NI Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1854 1935 1957 1972
Valuation 325-16-8 372-2-9 320-17-0 347-3-0 386-0-0 447-0-0 564-50

In the Tithe Applotment Books of 1828 the area is recorded as 452 Irish acres 1 rood and 35 perches. The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 16-5-10.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There was only one such house in the townland, that of Francis Forde Esq.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and post codes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records that, with the exception of three houses and a 4 acre plot, all of the townland was owned by James Eastwood and James Jeffers. The following table shows the distribution of the landholdings, by acreage, in 1854 and 1935.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1854
28
20
4
52
1935
26
23
9
58

Census of Ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 205 persons in 53 households; a ratio of 3.9 people per household.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 53 households, 35 contained at least one native Irish speaker - a total of 53 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh, with the exception of Lizzie Taffey and Elizabeth Quinn, both born in Co. Louth.

  • John Martin, ag. labourer, 63
  • Owen Owens, ag. labourer, 70
  • Patrick Murphy, farmer, 76
    and his wife Mary, 60
  • James Kelly, farmer, 66
  • Henry Mines, retired ag. labourer, 112
  • Peter McNally, farmer, 64
  • Bridget Murphy, farmer, 74
  • Henry McKeown, farmer, 62
  • Michael Rafferty, farmer, 75
    and Mary Foster, domestic servant, 55
  • Bridget Galloghly, farmer, widow, 75
    her son Francis, farmer, 55
    and daughter Elizabeth, 35
  • Michael Reel, farmer, 75
  • Bernard Daly, itinerant mendicant, 80
    and his wife Rose, 68
  • Catherine Mohan, farmer, widow, 60
  • Patrick Donnelly, farmer, 50
    and his wife Anne, 48
  • Thomas Harte, farmer, 68
  • Patrick McShane, farmer, 75
    and his brother Peter, farmer, 58
  • Lizzie Taffey, farmer, widow, 55
  • Stephen Reel, farmer, 71
    and his brother Patrick, 81
  • Michael Reel, farmer, 72
    and his sister-in-law Margaret Reel, 46
  • Peter Galloghly, farmer, 63
  • Mary Murphy, farmer, widow, 64
  • Mary Murphy, farmer, widow, 80
  • Margaret Campbell, farmer, widow, 80
    her son John, farmer, 35
    and daughter-in-law Mary Campbell, housekeeper, 25
  • Anne McKiever, (aunt of Patrick McCann)
    nurse/domestic servant, 60
  • Patrick Garland, farmer, 63
  • Patrick McCann, farmer, 60
    and his wife Anne, 55
  • James Lavelle, farmer, 60
  • Fergus McAlister, farmer, 77
    and his son John, farmer, 37
  • Patrick Branigan, farmer, 50
  • John Agnew, farmer, 65
    his wife Bridget, 64
    and his step son Peter Mallon, farmer, 45
  • John Quinn, farmer, 65
    and his wife Elizabeth, 54
  • Edward Donnelly, ag. labourer, 73
  • Thomas McCoy, farmer, 60
  • Catherine McCoy, retired farmer, widow, 84
* The average age of the Irish speakers was 63; the oldest 112, the youngest 35.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 80 78 63 65 65 57 53 41 38 30 30
People 478 355 280 267 229 223 205 158 146 123 129
People per house 6.0 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.3

In the period of 110 years, the number of households reduced by almost two thirds (63%) and the population dropped by 73% - nearly threequarters. Following an initial fall between 1841 and 1861, clearly as a result of the Great Famine, the population continued a steady decline for the next 90 years reflecting the continuing lack of rural employment opportunities.

House and Land Holders

All the Valuation records identify separately those with houses in the townland and those who leased or owned land these while living elsewhere. The Census enumerated only those with households in the townland. The Table below sets out this information accordingly.

The data are not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used different criteria. The table below allows the reader to compare the names and note some remarkable survivals of names. While we can not be sure that there are direct lines of descent in every case, it is more than likely that many are the same families.


               
Hearth Money Rolls Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1664 1766 1828 1854 1901 1935 1957 1972
               
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Hugh McGeny John Babe Owen Branagan Owen Branigan John Agnew Patrick Bellew Bridget Byrne Peter Byrne
Owen McGeny Bryan Duffy Hugh Campbell Catherine Campbell Patrick Bellew Bernard Burns Peter Campbell Peter Campbell
Cormuck O'Herill Patrick Duffy Matthew Campbell Hugh Campbell Patrick Brannigan John Campbell Susan Carragher Susan Carragher
Patt O'Hirill Edmund Feeghan Thomas Campbell Peter Campbell Margaret Campbell Henry Carragher Michael Casey Michael Casey
Daniel Finegan Neal Donnelly Owen Casey John Carragher Peter M. Carragher James Daly Thomas Coburn
Collum Kelly Patt Donelly Henry Donnelly John Casey Michael Casey James Donnelly (Edward) James Daly
Hugh Kelly Francis Forde Esq Patrick Donnelly Bernard Daly Alice Donnelly James J. Farrell Edward Donnelly
Tedy Killday Patt Foster James Eastwood Catherine Donnelly Rose Donnelly Reps Mary A. Hearty James Donnelly (Edward)
Patrick Maly Terence Foster Mary Gill Edward Donnelly John Gallogley John Kelly Catherine Dowling
Henry McArdle Terence Foster Francis Gregory John Donnelly Mary A. Hearty J. Lynch James J. Farrell
Henry McCreese Daniel Freel Edward Hart Patrick Donnelly John Kelly John Martin Reps Mary A. Hearty
Owen McCreese James Freel Sen James Hart Patrick Garland Peter Mallon Ellen McAlister John Kelly
James McCullagh James Freel Sen Patrick Hart Bridget Gollighly Patrick Martin Edward McCann Margaret Kernan
Art McGinn Michael Freel Edward Harty John Golloghly John McAllister John McCoy J. Lynch
James McGunshenan Patt Freel William Haston Mary Golloghly Edward McCann P. McCoy John Martin
Matthew McKenna Patt Freel Margaret Hollywood Peter Golloghly Mary McCann Patrick McCoy Ellen McAlister
Patrick Murphy Thomas Freel Terence Hollywood Thomas Harte Patrick McCoy Rose Anne McGeough Edward McCann
Charles Quin Thomas Freel Patrick Irwin John Hearty Thomas McCoy Jun. John McKeever John McCoy
Thomas Greggory James Jeffers James Kelly Bernard McKeever Alice McNamee (Cargans) P. McCoy
Bryan Hanratty Mary Lavill James Lavelle Elizabeth Moynes Patrick McVerry Patrick McCoy
Owen Hanratty Hugh Linden Francis Linden Denis Murphy Elizabeth Moynes Rose Anne McGeough
Francis Hanvey Michael Mallon John Martin James Murphy Jun. James Murphy John McKeever
Peter Hanvey Patrick Mallon Fergus McAlister John Murphy Michael Murphy Lawrence McVerry
Robert Hanvey Charles McAlester James McAneaney Peter Murphy Patrick Murphy Patrick McVerry
Widow Hanvey Daniel McAlester James McCann Michael Murray Terence Murphy Elizabeth Moynes
Anne Hart Patrick McCoy Patrick McCann Thomas Murray James O'Hare James Murphy
Arthur Hart Thomas McCoy Patrick McCann James O'Hare M. Quinn Michael Murphy
James Hart Mary McKeever Thomas McCoy Michael Quinn (Owen) John Reel Patrick Murphy
Patt Irwin Patrick McKeever Thomas McCoy Peter Quinn Kathleen Reel Terence Murphy
Neal Kelly Terence McKeever Bernard McIver James Reel Patrick Reel Owen O'Hare
Patt Kelly Patrick McKeon Mary McIver John Reel Edward Traynor John Reel
John Lyndon Owen McShane Elizabeth McKeown Margaret Reel   Kathleen Reel
Patt Lyndon Owen McShane Jun Henry McKeown Edward Traynor   Patrick Reel
Peter Magill Arthur Mohan Peter McNally     Patrick J. Reel
Matthew McAdamnie Francis Mohan Patrick McShane      
Daniel McCallister Hugh Murphy Henry Mines Land Land Land
James McCallister James Murphy Catherine Mohan Francis Bennett Mary Bellew Peter Michael Carragher
James McIver John Murphy Bridget Murphy Bernard Carragher Patrick Bennett Richard Casey
James McIver Jun John Murphy (bailiff) James Murphy John Casey Henry Carragher James Donnelly
Neal McIver Michall Murphy Margaret Murphy James Daly Peter Michael Carragher Rose Donnelly
Patt McIver Owen Murphy Mary Murphy Francis Donnelly R. Casey Patrick Grant
Terence McIver Patrick Murphy Patrick Murphy J. Donnelly Richard Casey Annie Kearns
Terence McIver Jun Terence Murphy Rose Murphy James Donnelly (Edward) James Donnelly James A. Loy
Terence McIver Sen Terence Murphy Thomas Murphy John Donnelly Rose Donnelly John McCann Jun.
Thomas McIver Henry Mynes Owen O'Hare John Donnelly (Edward) J. Gallogley Patrick McCann
Widow McIver Michael Quinn Owen Owens Rose Donnelly Patrick Grant Thomas McCoy
Thomas McCoy Michael Quinn John Quinn James Fegan James Kernan James McGahran
Thomas McKevitte Owen Quinn John Quinn Patrick Grant Patrick McCann Lawrence McGeough
Bryan McShane Michael Rafferty Michael Rafferty Owen Hughes J. McCann Thomas McGinn
Neal McShane Anne Real Michael Reel James Kelly Thomas McCoy Mary Teresa McKenna
Owen McShane Daniel Real Michael Reel Francis Kernan James McGahran Alice McNamee (Cargans)
Daniel Moan Patrick Real Stephen Reel John McCann Lawrence McGeough Hugh Mines
Arthur Moane Ann Taffey Patrick McCann Thomas McGinn James Murphy Jun.
Bryan Murphy Land Thomas McCoy Patrick McGahon J. Reel
Denis Murphy Henry Carraher Patrick McGahran Hugh Mines James Reel
James Murphy Charles Sheridan Thomas McGinn James Murphy Jun. Patrick Reel
James Murphy Edward McNally Bridget Quinn Patrick Short
John Murphy Henry McNamee Michael Quinn Edward Traynor
Michael Murphy Hugh Mines J. Reel  
Terence Murphy James Murphy James Reel  
Terence Murphy James Murphy Jun. Patrick Short  
Widow Murphy Kate Murphy    
James Owens Jun John Quinn    
James Owens Sen Michael Quinn    
Owen Owens Patrick Reel    
Thomas Owens Thomas Short    
John Quinne      
Michael Quinne      
Michael Quinne      
Patt Treanor      

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Last Updated on 28 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002