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ANNAGHMARE


Location

Annaghmare is a townland of 447 statute acres 2 roods and 17 perches (including 7 acres of water) about a mile north of Crossmaglen. It is bounded on the north by Kiltybane, on the east by Sheetrim, on the south by Creenkill and Corliss and on the west by Teer and Drumlogher.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means sither "The burying plain" or "The ford of the dead" depending on the authority consulted. There no other townland with this name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

The information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Hearth Money Roll of The Fews 1664
  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1956/57

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of the Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1971
Valuation 106-11-8 138-0-3 136-15-0 209-6-0 217-0-0 256-1-0 259-11-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books of 1828 the area is recorded as 158 Irish acres and 38 perches. The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 5-6-7.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There was only one such house in the townland, that of George McGeogh.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records that the townland had 84 acres of bog. Also a National Schoolhouse and a forge (Neill McShane). With the exception of two houses and one house and small plot, all of the land was owned by Thomas P. Ball.

The distribution of land holdings in 1864 and 1935, by acreage (excluding bog-only holdings), is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
16
4
6
26
1935
8
8
9
25

In 1935 people owning areas of bog only were listed in addition to those with land. The total area covered by the 22 individuals concerned was just over 191/2 acres in total. The 1957 Revaluation did not separately identify the bog-only areas although these can be identified by their map references in the valuation books.

Census of Ireland 1901

In Census 88 persons were enumerated in 23 households; a ratio of 3.8 people per household. The households occupied a total of 57 rooms; a ratio of 2.5 rooms per household and 2.5 persons per room.

Native Irish Speakers

Four of the 23 households enumerated in the Census contained a total of five native Irish speakers. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh -

  • Catherine Quinn, sister of Susan Quinn, cook, 56
  • Bridget Quinn, sister of John Quinn, 80
    and Anne Quinn, also sister of John, 75
  • Kate McNulty, sister of John McNulty, 75
  • Mary Callaghan, nurse, widow, 74

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 36 34 28 28 29 26 23 24 23 21 18
People 189 172 134 137 136 117 102 97 90 59 68
People per house 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.0 3.9 2.8 3.8

In the period of 110 years, the number of households halved and the population dropped by almost two thirds (64%). After an initial fall between 1841 and 1861 due to the Great Famine the numbers steadied for the next 20 years before continuing its steady and continuing decline for the next 70 years, reflecting the lack of rural employment opportunities.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

The data are not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used different criteria. The table below allows the reader to compare the names and note some remarkable survivals of names. While we can not be sure that there are direct lines of descent in every case, it is more than likely that many are the same families.


Annaghmare              
Hearth Money Rolls Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1664 1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
               
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Donnell O'Brannigan Loughlin Conelan Bryan Conlon Bryan Conlon Mary Callaghan Elizabeth Conlon G. Armstrong J. Carragher
Edmond O'Quoine Widow Conelan James Conlon Michael Conlon Patrick Caragher Patrick Conlon J. Carragher Peter John Carragher
Bryan Daly James L. Conlon Michael Conlon Mary Conlon Susan Conlon Reps. Peter Conlon Reps. Peter Conlon
John Donaghy Michael Conlon Patrick Conlon Michael Conlon John Daly Catherine Duffy James Hanratty
Ml Gernon Owen Conlon Bryan Daly Owen Conlon Owen Daly Patrick Fee Margaret Hughes
Hugh McEnolty Edward Daily Owen Daly Peter Conlon Patrick Fee James Hanratty Cornelius McConville
Edmund McShane Michael Daily Patrick Daly Mary Anne Daly Patrick Fee Bridget Maxwell William McMonagle
Neal McShane Widow Daily Mary Gartland James Kearnan Anne Hanratty Cornelius McConville Joseph McShane
Patrick Quin Peter Gartland John Kiernan Anne McDonnell James Hanratty William McMonagle Patrick McShane
Hugh McAnulty Hugh McAnulty Alice McGuinness Patrick McConville Elizabeth McShane Mary Murphy
John McAnulty Patrick McAnulty Bernard McNulty John McDonnell Joseph McShane Louis Quinn
Widow McAnulty Terence McAnulty John McNulty John McKeown Peter McShane Patrick Quinn
Thomas McArdle Thomas McArdle Anne McShane Bernard McNulty Mary Murphy Patrick Quinn (Fees Cross)
Arthur McDonnell Arthur McDonnell Michael McShane John McShane John Quinn Thomas Quinn
Patt McDonnell Patrick McDonnell Peter McShane Joseph McShane Michael Quinn Peter Quinn
Peter McGeough Edward McGuinness Patrick Murphy Patrick Murphy Patrick Quinn  
Patt McShane Bridget McShane James Owens Catherine Owens Patrick Quinn (Fees Cross) Land/Bog
Peter McShane Neill McShane James Quinn Jun Catherine Quinn Patrick Quinn Jr. Peter Began
Terence McShane Owen McShane John Quinn Michael Quinn Peter Quinn Patrick Bellew
Widow McShane Patrick McShane John Quinn Sen Patrick Quinn   Kathleen Carragher
Patt Moley Bridget Murphy Neill Quinn Pete Quinn Land/Bog Michael Carragher
Anne Quinne Catherine Quinn Susan Quinn Reps. John Quinn Peter Began Michael Conlon
Peter Quinne John Quinn Patrick Taffe   Patrick Bellew Peter Conlon
Terence Quinne Patrick Quinn Jun Land Kathleen Carragher Patrick Cowan
Patrick Quinn Sen Bernard Conlon Michael Carragher Mary A. Daly
Peter Quinn James Keenan James Conlon (Dundalk) Patrick Duffy
          Hugh Kelly Michael Conlon James Keenan
      Land   Michael McCabe Peter Conlon John Kernaghan
      James Conlon   John Quinn Patrick Cowan Francis McCabe
      Henry McCabe     Mary A. Daly James McCabe
          Bog only John James Daly Patrick McCabe
          Patrick Began O.Daly John McCooey
          Peter Began Patrick Duffy John McCooey (Pat)
          Patrick Bellew James Keenan Patrick McCreesh
          Alice Callaghan John Kernaghan Edward McMahon
          Michael Conlon Francis McCabe Mary K. McMahon
          Patrick Cowan James McCabe Bernard McNulty
          Mary A. Daly Patrick McCabe Francis J. McShane
          Owen Daly John McCooey Jane McShane
          Patrick Duffy John McCooey (Pat) John McShane
          Michael Gallagher Patrick McCreesh Alice O'Callaghan
          John Kernaghan Edward McMahon Bernard O'Hare
          Francis McCabe Mary K. McMahon Catherine Quinn
          James McCabe Bernard McNulty Cornelius Quinn (Sheetrim)
          John McCooey Francis J. McShane Patrick Quinn (John)
          John McCooey (Pat) Jane McShane  
          Patrick McCreesh John McShane  
          Edward McMahon Alice O'Callaghan  
          Bridget McNulty Bernard O'Hare  
          Jane McShane Catherine Quinn  
          John McShane Cornelius Quinn (Sheetrim)  
          Bernard O'Hare John Quinn (Dundalk)  
          Michael Quinn Michael Quinn  
            Patrick Quinn (John)  

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Last Updated on 28 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002