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ANNAGHGAD

Location

Annaghgad is a townland of 267 statute acres 3 roods and 28 perches (including 5 acres of water) in County Armagh close to the village of Cullaville. It is bounded on the north by Glassdrummanaghy, on the east by Clonalig and Drumboy and on the west by the Fane River which is the border with County Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means either "The Robbers Ford" or "The Robbers Fair" depending on the authority consulted. It is the only townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

The information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books - Creggan Parish - 1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland General Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1969
Valuation 97-1-8 121-14-8 135-0-0 154-0-0 174-5-0 183-10-0 180-0-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books of 1828 the total acerage is given as 135 acres and 1 rood. The Half Yearly Tithe was 4-17-1.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were no such houses in the townland.

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the townland owner as Denis Kelly.

The distribution of land holdings in 1864 and 1935 (excluding "Bog only" holdings") is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
18
4
5
27
1935
13
5
4
22

The land holders in 1957 were not counted.

Census of Ireland 1901

The 1901 Census of Ireland enumerated 101 persons in 26 households; a ratio of 3.9 people per household. The households ocupied a total of 57 rooms; a ratio of 2.2 rooms per household and 1.8 persons per room. Six of the households occupied 3 rooms, 19 occupied 2 rooms and one occupied a single room.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 26 households enumerated in the Census eight contained one native Irish speaker - 12 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh with the exception of Patrick Farrell, born Co. Monaghan

  • Patrick Gartlan, farmer, 66
    his wife Anne, 64
    and son Owen, 28
  • John Keenan, farmer, 62
  • Bridget Keegan, general servant domestic, 55
  • Patrick Farrell, farmer, 65
    and his sister, Catherine, general servant, 70
  • Margaret Casey, farmer, widow, 63
  • Mary Burns, farmer, widow, 65
  • Michael Keegan, farmer, 36
  • Patrick Keegan, farmer, 70
    and his wife Alice, 66

* The average age of the group was 59; oldest 70, youngest 28
* Two of the group could read and write, one could neither read nor write.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 32 28 32 30 32 28 26 21 20 20 17
People 162 137 137 125 144 114 101 76 71 60 53
People per house 5.1 4.9 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.0 3.1

In the period of 110 years, the number of households almost halved (47%) and the population dropped by two thirds (67%). After an initial fall in the 1840s due to the Great famine the numbers steadied up to 1891. However, the next 60 years saw a steady and continuing decline reflecting the lack of rural employment opportunities.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the valuations since 1864 distinguish between those with houses in the townland and those, living elsewhere, who leased or owned land there. In addition, the 1935 Revaluation identified bog as a separate category. Since the map references for the bog are the same in 1935 and 1957 I have extrapolated the information to the Second Revision. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

In the Title Applotment Books the same name may appear more than once for different parcels of land.

The data are not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used different criteria. The table below allows the reader to compare the names and note some remarkable survivals of names. While we can not be sure that there are direct lines of descent in every case, it is more than likely that many are the same families.


             
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI Revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1969
             
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Edmund Cunningham Bryan Burns Henry Began Michael Agnew Reps. Michael Agnew Rose Agnew Michael Agnew
John Cunningham Owen Burns Thomas Began Michael Banican Peter Bennett Bernard Byrne Henry Byrne
Edward Lappen Patt Burns Jun Elizabeth Burns Bridget Burns John Burns James Byrne James Byrne
Hugh Makkin Patt Burns Sen John Burns Mary Burns Bernard Byrne Owen Byrne Owen Byrne
Patrick Moony Patt Burns Sen John Burns Jun James Byrne Jun James Byrne Thomas Byrne Thomas Byrne
? McGill Thomas Burns John Burns Sen James Byrne Sen James Byrne (Ann) Mary Callaghan Bernard Callan
Daniel O'Neile Thomas Burns Patrick Burns Margaret Byrne John Byrne Peter Callaghan Peter Callan
Francis O'Neile Widow Burns Patrick Burns Thomas Byrne John Byrne Bernard Callan Owen Farrell
Owen O'Neile Stephen Callan Denis Casey Margaret Casey Francis Casey Owen Farrell Patrick Farrell
Thomas Callan Francis Casey John Callan Richard Clinton Patrick Farrell James Finn
Michael Duffy Luke Collins Peter Callan John Collins Owen Finn Michael McDermott
Edward Gartland Stephen Collins Patrick Farrell Peter Collins Patrick Keegan Owen McNamee
James Hale Bridget Finn Patrick Farrell Patrick Farrell Michael McDermott Anthony McParland
James Hale Patrick Gartland Thomas Farrell Thomas Farrell Margaret Rodgers  
Thomas Hale Thomas Gartland Patrick Gartland Michael Hughes    
Graham Johnston William Hale Thomas Hughes Patrick Keegan Land Land
Henry Kelly Peter Keenan Michael Keegan John Kiernan Patriick Agnew James Boyle
Peter Kelly Roger Kelly Bridget Keenan Catherine McCormack James Boyle James Boyle (G'aghy)
Owen Shevlin Peter McGeough John Keenan Michael McDermott James Boyle (G'aghy) Kathleen Byrne
Thomas McGroder Patrick Keegan Patrick Shevlin J. Byrne Michael Farrell
Thomas McQuade James McQuaid   Kathleen Byrne William Kinghan
Arthur O'Neill James O'Neill Land Peter Callan  
Michael O'Neill Patrick Quinn Patrick Byrne William Kinghan  
Michael Quinn Catherine Shevlin Edward Fee Patrick Shevlin  
Peter Shevlin Patrick Shevlin Owen Hughes    
Thomas Ward Margaret Ann Trainor John Shevlin    
             
    Land   Bog Bog Bog
    Bernard Collins   Michael Agnew Michael Agnew Michael Agnew
    Edward Keenan   Edward Breen Edward Breen Edward Breen
        Benjamin Burns Thomas Burns Thomas Burns
        James Burns Benjamin Burns Benjamin Burns
        Thomas Burns James Burns James Burns
        John Callan John Callan John Callan
        Peter Callan Peter Callan Peter Callan
        Peter Flannigan Peter Flannigan Peter Flannigan
        Owen Gartland Patrick Gartland Patrick Gartland
        Patrick Gartland Owen Gartland Owen Gartland
        Patrick Geogan Patrick Geoghan Patrick Geoghan
        John Keenan Patrick Keegan Patrick Keegan
        Luke Kelly John Keenan John Keenan
        Patrick McGeeney Luke Kelly Luke Kelly
        Edward McKenna Edward McKenna Edward McKenna
        Michael O'Neill Michael O'Neill Michael O'Neill

[Back to Townlands Timeline]

Last Updated on 27 December 2002
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2002